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Review

Application of Bioactive Quercetin in Oncotherapy: From Nutrition to Nanomedicine

1
Institute for Skeletal Aging & Orthopedic Surgery, Hallym University-Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital, Chuncheon 200704, Korea
2
Department of Bio-informatics, School of Computer and Information Sciences, Galgotias University, Greater Noida 203201, India
3
Amity Institute of Nanotechnology, Amity University Uttar Pradesh, Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201313, India
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: José L. Quiles
Molecules 2016, 21(1), 108; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules21010108
Received: 14 November 2015 / Revised: 24 December 2015 / Accepted: 7 January 2016 / Published: 19 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 20th Anniversary of Molecules—Recent Advances in Natural Products)
Phytochemicals as dietary constituents are being explored for their cancer preventive properties. Quercetin is a major constituent of various dietary products and recently its anti-cancer potential has been extensively explored, revealing its anti-proliferative effect on different cancer cell lines, both in vitro and in vivo. Quercetin is known to have modulatory effects on cell apoptosis, migration and growth via various signaling pathways. Though, quercetin possesses great medicinal value, its applications as a therapeutic drug are limited. Problems like low oral bioavailability and poor aqueous solubility make quercetin an unreliable candidate for therapeutic purposes. Additionally, the rapid gastrointestinal digestion of quercetin is also a major barrier for its clinical translation. Hence, to overcome these disadvantages quercetin-based nanoformulations are being considered in recent times. Nanoformulations of quercetin have shown promising results in its uptake by the epithelial system as well as enhanced delivery to the target site. Herein we have tried to summarize various methods utilized for nanofabrication of quercetin formulations and for stable and sustained delivery of quercetin. We have also highlighted the various desirable measures for its use as a promising onco-therapeutic agent. View Full-Text
Keywords: quercetin; anticancer; oncotherapy; bioavailability; nanoformulation; phytochemical quercetin; anticancer; oncotherapy; bioavailability; nanoformulation; phytochemical
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nam, J.-S.; Sharma, A.R.; Nguyen, L.T.; Chakraborty, C.; Sharma, G.; Lee, S.-S. Application of Bioactive Quercetin in Oncotherapy: From Nutrition to Nanomedicine. Molecules 2016, 21, 108. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules21010108

AMA Style

Nam J-S, Sharma AR, Nguyen LT, Chakraborty C, Sharma G, Lee S-S. Application of Bioactive Quercetin in Oncotherapy: From Nutrition to Nanomedicine. Molecules. 2016; 21(1):108. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules21010108

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nam, Ju-Suk, Ashish R. Sharma, Lich T. Nguyen, Chiranjib Chakraborty, Garima Sharma, and Sang-Soo Lee. 2016. "Application of Bioactive Quercetin in Oncotherapy: From Nutrition to Nanomedicine" Molecules 21, no. 1: 108. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules21010108

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