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Open AccessArticle

The Content of Phenolic Compounds in Leaf Tissues of Aesculus glabra and Aesculus parviflora Walt.

1
Department of Fruit, Vegetable and Grain Technology, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, 37/41 Chełmońskiego St., Wroclaw 51-630, Poland
2
Department of Biology and Pharmaceutical Botany with Garden of Medicinal Plants, University of Medicine in Wrocław, Kochanowskiego 12, Wrocław 51-601, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marcello Iriti
Molecules 2015, 20(2), 2176-2189; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules20022176
Received: 20 November 2014 / Revised: 15 December 2014 / Accepted: 29 December 2014 / Published: 28 January 2015
In plants, flavonoids play an important role in biological processes. They are involved in UV-scavenging, fertility and disease resistance. Therefore, in this study, we attempted to quantify and characterize phenolic compounds in Aesculus parviflora Walt. leaves and Aesculus glabra leaves partly suffering from attack by a leaf mining insect (C. ohridella). A total of 28 phenolic compounds belonging to the hydroxycinnamic acid, flavan-3-ols and flavonol groups were identified and quantified in Aesculus parviflora and A. glabra leaf extracts. Significantly decreased concentrations of some phenolic compounds, especially of flavan-3-ols, were observed in infected leaves compared to the non-infected ones. Additionally, a higher content of polymeric procyanidins in leaves of Aesculus parviflora than in Aesculus glabra may explain their greater resistance to C. ohridella insects. View Full-Text
Keywords: Aesculus; polyphenols; polymeric procyanidins; leaves; Cameraria ohridella; LC-MS QTof Aesculus; polyphenols; polymeric procyanidins; leaves; Cameraria ohridella; LC-MS QTof
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MDPI and ACS Style

Oszmiański, J.; Kolniak-Ostek, J.; Biernat, A. The Content of Phenolic Compounds in Leaf Tissues of Aesculus glabra and Aesculus parviflora Walt.. Molecules 2015, 20, 2176-2189.

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