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Contents Changes of Triterpenic Acids, Nucleosides, Nucleobases, and Saccharides in Jujube (Ziziphus jujuba) Fruit During the Drying and Steaming Process

1
Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Chinese Medicinal Resources Industrialization, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, China
2
College of Pharmacy, Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan 750004, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Molecules 2015, 20(12), 22329-22340; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules201219852
Received: 8 October 2015 / Revised: 23 November 2015 / Accepted: 24 November 2015 / Published: 12 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products Chemistry)
Chinese jujube (Ziziphus jujuba), a medicinal and edible plant, is widely consumed in Asian countries owing to the remarkable health activities of its fruits. To facilitate selection of the suitable processing method for jujube fruits, in this study their contents of triterpenic acids, nucleosides, nucleobases and saccharides after drying and steaming treatment were determined using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography coupled with evaporative light scattering detector methods. The results showed that except for sucrose, the content levels of most analytes were increasing in the jujube fruits during drying treatment at 45 °C. The levels of cyclic nucleotides such as adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate and guanosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate, were significantly decreased after the fruits were steamed. Therefore, owing to the bioactivities of these components for human health, the dried fruits would be the better choice as medicinal material or functional food, and dried jujube fruit should not be further steamed. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ziziphus jujuba; triterpenic acid; nucleoside; saccharide; drying process; content variation of the active compounds Ziziphus jujuba; triterpenic acid; nucleoside; saccharide; drying process; content variation of the active compounds
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Guo, S.; Duan, J.-A.; Zhang, Y.; Qian, D.; Tang, Y.; Zhu, Z.; Wang, H. Contents Changes of Triterpenic Acids, Nucleosides, Nucleobases, and Saccharides in Jujube (Ziziphus jujuba) Fruit During the Drying and Steaming Process. Molecules 2015, 20, 22329-22340.

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