Special Issue "Zoonoses and One Health"

A special issue of Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease (ISSN 2414-6366).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 1 August 2019.

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Dr. Erin M. Sorrell

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Center for Global Health Science and Security, Georgetown University, USA
Website 1 | Website 2 | E-Mail
Interests: virology; influenza; zoonoses; One Health; emerging infectious disease; health systems strengthening; global health security; infectious disease and conflict
Guest Editor
Dr. Ellen P. Carlin

EcoHealth Alliance, Washington DC, USA
Website | E-Mail
Interests: health policy; biodefense; veterinary medicine; One Health; zoonoses; ecological health; biosurveillance; parasitology

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue focuses on the intersection of zoonoses and One Health. 

It has been estimated that over 60% of all emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic in nature, that is to say that these diseases are a result of spillover from animal populations, usually wildlife, into humans. While there is a concern for direct spillover from animals we also must consider pathogen evolution and adaptation in intermediate animal hosts (wildlife, vectors, domesticated animals) that provide the proper environment for disease introduction and transmission to the human population. The factors behind zoonotic disease emergence and spread are varied and involve climate change, agricultural intensification, globalization, urbanization, breakdown in public health measures, microbial adaptation, as well as many other factors.  The One Health concept ties these factors together, recognizing that animal health can impact human health, agriculture and the environment (and vice versa).

One Health is a multidisciplinary challenge requiring collaboration among wild life and veterinary professionals, epidemiologists, clinicians, ecologists, environmentalists and basic researchers.  There have been major strides to build and improve on existing capacities to link animal and public health professionals for zoonoses preparedness and response in aspects of policy development, clinical diagnosis and basic research however, the ability to link these capacities to agriculture and the environment have lagged behind.  We have acknowledged that animals can serve as sentinel species for potential human disease outbreaks but there is less of a focus on the role of the environment.

This Special Issue will focus on advancements in zoonotic disease detection, transmission, epidemiology and host-pathogen interactions to emphasize research and capacity building among veterinary and public health scientists. In addition, this issue will also highlight One Health research, discussing the successes and challenges of working towards a One Health approach for infectious disease detection, prevention and response.

Dr. Erin M. Sorrell
Dr. Ellen P. Carlin
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • zoonoses
  • One Health
  • emerging infectious diseases
  • capacity building, spillover
  • host-pathogen interactions

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
A One Health Approach to Investigating Leptospira Serogroups and Their Spatial Distributions among Humans and Animals in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, 2013–2015
Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2019, 4(1), 42; https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed4010042
Received: 1 December 2018 / Revised: 16 February 2019 / Accepted: 23 February 2019 / Published: 27 February 2019
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Abstract
Leptospirosis is an endemic zoonotic disease in Brazil and is widespread throughout rural populations in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. This study aimed to identify presumptive infecting Leptospira serogroups in human and animal cases and describe their occurrences within the ecoregions [...] Read more.
Leptospirosis is an endemic zoonotic disease in Brazil and is widespread throughout rural populations in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. This study aimed to identify presumptive infecting Leptospira serogroups in human and animal cases and describe their occurrences within the ecoregions of the state by animal species. Data for human and animal leptospirosis cases were gathered from the government’s passive surveillance systems and presumptive infecting serogroups were identified based on a two-fold titer difference in serogroups in the microscopic agglutination test (MAT) panel. A total of 22 different serogroups were reported across both human and animal cases. Serogroup Icterohaemorrhagiae was the most common among humans, while serogroup Sejroe predominated among animal cases, particularly bovines. Each ecoregion had a large distribution of cases, with 51% of the human cases in the Parana–Paraiba ecoregion, and 81% of the animal cases in the Savannah ecoregion. Identifying and mapping the serogroups circulating using the One Health approach is the first step for further understanding the distribution of the disease in the state. This study has the potential to aid in guiding public health and agricultural practices, furthering the need for a human vaccine in high-risk populations to complement control and prevention efforts. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Zoonoses and One Health)
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