Special Issue "Measures of the Different Aspects of Spirituality/Religiosity"

A special issue of Religions (ISSN 2077-1444). This special issue belongs to the section "Religions and Health/Psychology/Social Sciences".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2020).

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Arndt Büssing
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Professorship Quality of Life, Spirituality and Coping, Faculty of Health, Witten/Herdecke University, Gerhard-Kienle-Weg 4, 58313 Herdecke, Germany
Interests: mind-body medicine approaches; spirituality and health; quality of life; coping; questionnaire development; integrative medicine; clinical studies; health service research; spiritual dryness; awe
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

After three successful Special Issues on measures of spirituality and religiosity, it is wonderful to see that the fascination with addressing the different aspects and layers of spirituality (i.e., core experiences, attitudes and behaviours, practices, and rituals) is still vital. Several of the established instruments are still in use in international studies, some of the newer ones have been translated into different languages and implemented in international studies, and some new ones have been introduced to the community of researchers and practitioners.

Spirituality as a multidimensional construct is not a fixed topic; it depends on the religious background and is also shaped by culture. Additionally, nonreligious persons may have an interest in spiritual issues, but not in established and often dogmatic traditions. However, what is relevant to them, how do they live their ‘‘secular spirituality’’, and how can we make this measurable?

In this expanding field, not only the ‘positive’ aspects of spirituality/religiosity are analyzed but also the challenging aspects of faith, struggles with the religious community, the dogmatic aspects of faith, and phases of spiritual dryness or ‘tired boredom’ on the spiritual path. These topics are rather new, and only a few instruments can operationalize this often-neglected field.

All these different aspects need to be addressed and investigated. Researchers and practitioners are invited to submit manuscripts that address how these different aspects can be operationalized and measured, either with old, new, or borrowed original instruments or their culturally adapted translations. Newly developed measures are welcome.

Prof. Dr. Arndt Büssing
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a double-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Religions is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • measures
  • instruments
  • validation
  • translation
  • culture
  • religion
  • faith
  • spirituality
  • practices
  • rituals
  • experience

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Is God Listening to My Prayers? Initial Validation of a Brief Measure of Perceived Divine Engagement and Disengagement in Response to Prayer
Religions 2021, 12(2), 80; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel12020080 - 27 Jan 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 782
Does God listen and respond to prayers? This project provided initial validation for a brief measure of perceived divine engagement and disengagement in response to prayer. As part of a larger project on religious/spiritual struggles among U.S. undergraduates, we used Sample 1 ( [...] Read more.
Does God listen and respond to prayers? This project provided initial validation for a brief measure of perceived divine engagement and disengagement in response to prayer. As part of a larger project on religious/spiritual struggles among U.S. undergraduates, we used Sample 1 (n = 400) for exploratory factor analysis and Sample 2 (n = 413) for confirmatory factor analysis and initial validity testing. A two-factor model with four items per factor provided acceptable fit. On average, participants reported more divine engagement than disengagement. They endorsed items about God listening more than those about God responding. Divine engagement showed strong positive associations with religiousness and positive-valence variables involving God. Divine disengagement showed strong positive associations with variables suggesting divine struggle or distance. Importantly, both subscales also showed evidence of incremental validity: Divine engagement predicted positive-valence God variables (e.g., secure attachment, collaborative religious coping, gratitude to God, and awareness of God) even when controlling for religiousness and positive God concepts and attitudes. Divine disengagement predicted more spiritual struggles and more negative-valence and distance-related God variables (divine struggle, anxious and distant attachment, and self-directing religious coping) even when controlling for doubt about God’s existence, negative God images, anger/disappointment toward God, and concern about God’s disapproval. In short, this brief new measure shows promise as a tool to assess beliefs about God’s responsiveness to prayer. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Measures of the Different Aspects of Spirituality/Religiosity)
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