Special Issue "Skincare Chemicals and Marine Life"

A special issue of Oceans (ISSN 2673-1924).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 December 2022 | Viewed by 2080

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Julian Blasco
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Institute of Marine Sciences of Andalusia (CSIC), 11519 Puerto Real, Cádiz, Spain
Interests: ecotoxicology; sunscreen; personal care products; nanoparticles; pharmaceuticals; trace metals; contamination; pollution; risk assessment; pollutant mixtures; sediment; bioaccumulation
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Dr. Araceli Rodríguez Romero
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Marine and Environmental Sciences, University of Cadiz, 11519 Puerto Real, Cádiz, Spain
Interests: global change; marine contamination; emerging contaminants; sunscreen; environmental risk assessment; marine biology; metals; bioaccumulation; sediment; ecotoxicology; multistressor approach; evolutionary biology
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

It is a pleasure to invite you to contribute to this Special Issue of the journal Oceans entitled “Skincare Chemicals and Marine Life”.

Nowadays, there is a significant increase in the presence of emerging pollutants in the marine environment. Among these new chemical products, many of them are related to personal care and skincare products (e.g., ultraviolet filters, antimicrobial, antiseptics, plastic microbeads, etc.), which reach the coastal ecosystem, principally, through wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). Although analytical methods have been developed for their quantification in different environmental matrices, there is a lack of information on these compounds concerning their fate and behavior in the marine environment and, specifically, about their bioaccumulation and toxicity in aquatic species. This Special Issue (SI) will bring specialists from different disciplines to fill this gap of information, taking into account the complexity of the marine environment and the occurrence of species belonging to different trophic levels and inhabiting different environmental compartments. In summary, this SI represents an opportunity to bring into the scientific arena an important issue about the use of these compounds and their consequences to the environment and to assess the impact of skincare products on marine life. Topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Environmental quality and risk assessment studies of chemical-related skincare and personal care products in the marine environment.
  • Potential effects of ingredients contained in personal care and skincare products (e.g., nanoparticles, UV filters, antimicrobial, antiseptics, plastic microbeads, etc.) on marine biota, including different levels of biological organization.
  • Development of new methodologies and approaches to determine the presence of skincare chemicals in environmental matrices and assess the toxicity related to these contaminants.
  • Development and application of models to predict or explain the fate and behavior of chemicals released from skincare products in coastal and marine ecosystem.
  • Discussions about the frontiers of new knowledge that improve our understanding on fate, behavior and toxicity of skincare products in marine and coastal ecosystems.

This will be a dynamic Special Issue, and articles will be published as soon as the reviewers and editors are ready to accept them, without waiting for the deadline for the entire Special Issue to arrive.

Dr. Julian Blasco
Dr. Araceli Rodríguez Romero
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Oceans is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • personal care products (PCPs)
  • sunscreens
  • UV filters
  • fate
  • behavior
  • effect
  • toxicity
  • risk
  • modeling

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

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Article
Impact of Egg Exposure to UV Filter-Spiked Sediment on the Survival, Hatching Success, Cardiac Frequency, and Metabolic Scope of Zebrafish Embryos
Oceans 2022, 3(1), 84-93; https://doi.org/10.3390/oceans3010008 - 16 Mar 2022
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Abstract
Chemical UV filters are increasingly used in cosmetics to protect skin from UV radiation. As a consequence, they are released into the aquatic environment via recreational activities and wastewaters. In aquatic ecosystems, fish eggs in contact with sediment can be affected by organic [...] Read more.
Chemical UV filters are increasingly used in cosmetics to protect skin from UV radiation. As a consequence, they are released into the aquatic environment via recreational activities and wastewaters. In aquatic ecosystems, fish eggs in contact with sediment can be affected by organic and lipophilic pollutants such as UV filters. The present study aims to evaluate the toxicity of six individual UV filters, diethylhexyl butamido triazone (DBT), diethylamino hydroxybenzoyl hexyl benzoate (DHHB), ethylhexyl triazone (ET), 2-ethylhexyl salicylate (ES), homosalate (HS), and octocrylene (OC), in the embryo-larval stages of zebrafish Danio rerio. Contamination of fish eggs and larvae with UV filters occurred through contact with spiked sediment for 96 h at a concentration of 10 μg g−1. Among the six UV filters tested, OC delayed hatching success, whereas ES significantly increased the heartbeat rate of embryo–larvae after sediment exposure, probably as a stress response. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Skincare Chemicals and Marine Life)
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Review

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Review
Analysis and Modeling of Sunscreen Ingredients’ Behavior in an Aquatic Environment
Oceans 2022, 3(3), 340-363; https://doi.org/10.3390/oceans3030024 - 02 Aug 2022
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Abstract
Sunscreens have become a product based on increasingly complex formulations that include, among many ingredients, a mixture of UV filters to provide optimal sun ultraviolet radiation protection. A significant group of scientific works deals with the impact of UV filters in aquatic media. [...] Read more.
Sunscreens have become a product based on increasingly complex formulations that include, among many ingredients, a mixture of UV filters to provide optimal sun ultraviolet radiation protection. A significant group of scientific works deals with the impact of UV filters in aquatic media. However, the knowledge of the mechanism and kinetics of the compound’s direct release, fate, and its transformation and interaction with living organisms is necessary to assess its environmental occurrence and behavior and to predict potential and real impacts on the aquatic environment. This review outlines the existing analysis and modeling of the release and behavior of sunscreen’s ingredients in the marine environment, including aquatic organisms. The physical-chemical properties, photodegradation, and release kinetics of particles and chemicals into the water are studied by hydrodynamic and kinetic models. Direct photolysis of chemicals is modeled as pseudo-first-order kinetics, while the indirect pathway by the reaction of sunscreen with reactive oxygen species is described as second-order kinetics. The interaction of UV filters with marine biota is studied mainly by toxicokinetic models, which predict their bio-accumulation in the organisms’ tissues. These models consider the chemicals’ uptake and excretion, as well as their transfer between different internal animal organs, as a first-order kinetic process. The studies analyzed in the present work represent a driver of change for the beauty and personal care industry, in order to seek new ecological alternatives through the application of R&D tactics. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Skincare Chemicals and Marine Life)
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