Special Issue "Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Catalysis at Work in Lightweight Inorganic Hydride Dehydrogenation (Chemical Hydrogen Storage)"
A special issue of Hydrogen (ISSN 2673-4141).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2021.
Interests: B/N-based lightweight inorganic hydrides; hydrogen storage; metal-organic frameworks; CO2 storage and utilization
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
The quest for new solid-state materials for hydrogen storage is continuously growing. Hydrogen is the lightest element in the Universe, and H2 has the largest gravimetric energy density of all chemical substances. Unfortunately, H2 has a very low density both as a gas and as a liquid. Therefore, its volumetric energy density is very low, which is a major drawback for the utilization of H2 as a gas, in particular for electronics (mobile hydrogen fuel cell technology) and in the automotive world (hydrogen reservoirs to be used on fuel-cell-powered cars). Hydrogen could be chemically stored into stable and non-toxic compounds that easily release it on demand, under mild temperature and pressure conditions. In addition, an easy regeneration of the “spent fuel” would be desirable. The optimal material for this task has not been found yet, but a range of (old and) new lightweight solid hydrides with fascinating properties have been (re)discovered and examined from a different perspective in recent years. Lightweight hydrides containing metals from Groups 1/2 (Li, Na, Mg, Ca) and elements from Groups 13/15 (B, Al, N) of the Periodic Table are of particular interest in this regard, as they offer an appropriate balance of volumetric (rv) and gravimetric (rm) hydrogen densities. Among them are ammonia borane (NH3BH3 (AB); rm = 19.6 wt.% H), amine boranes (RNH2BH3, R = aliphatic ring or chain), hydrazine (H2N-NH2, rm = 12.5 wt.% H), hydrazine borane (N2H4∙BH3 (HB); rm = 15.4 wt.% H), hydrazine bis(borane) (N2H4∙2BH3 (HBB); rm = 16.7 wt.% H), borohydrides (M(BH4); M = Li, Na) and aluminum hydrides (alanates) (M(AlH4); M = Li, Na). Up to four equivalents of high-purity (carbon-free) hydrogen can be extracted from these molecules under relatively mild temperature conditions through the employ of a metal-containing homogeneous or heterogeneous catalyst. The former is an organometallic/coordination compound containing assorted metal ions from all over the Periodic Table, while the latter consists of supported monometallic, multimetallic or core-shell M(0) nanoparticles (NPs). The metallic NPs are normally deposited on the support through a sequential impregnation/reduction protocol. In all cases, the catalyst efficiency is measured and compared in terms of the number of H2 equivalents produced, reaction rate and operative temperature. This Special Issue aims to collect full papers/critical reviews on the topic of catalyzed lightweight inorganic hydride dehydrogenation, possibly covering all the aforementioned contexts. Scientific productions of both experimental and computational nature are welcome.
Dr. Andrea Rossin
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Hydrogen is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- chemical hydrogen storage
- lightweight inorganic hydrides
- homogeneous dehydrogenation catalysis
- heterogeneous dehydrogenation catalysis