Special Issue "Mineral Carbonation Technology towards Net Zero Carbon"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 August 2023) | Viewed by 108
Interests: synergy usage of waste materials; low carbon cementitious materials; negative carbon building materials
Interests: mineral carbonation; solid waste based cementitious materials; mine health and safety; mechanochemistry
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Special Issue in Processes: Advanced Technologies for Carbon Mitigation and Carbon Utilization
Special Issue in Sustainability: Sustainable Materials and Structures in Civil Engineering
Topics: Input–Output Analysis for Energy and Environmental Systems
Since 1850, the global climate has been warming at a faster pace than ever before. The average global temperature has risen by 1 °C in the last 100 years. The main cause of this rise in average global temperature is the burning of fossil fuels to obtain cheap energy, which emits a significant amount of greenhouse gases such as CO2. The international consensus is that global warming should not exceed 2 °C, and efforts should be made to limit the temperature rise to 1.5 °C relative to pre-industrial levels. To reach these goals, the global community must find affordable and practical solutions for managing carbon.
Mineral carbonation technology is one method that has been employed to permanently and safely decrease concentrations of CO2 in the atmosphere. It accomplishes this by accelerating a natural weathering process in which CO2 is chemically bound to calcium and/or magnesium silicates. To overcome the slow reaction kinetics of the natural weathering process that occur over thousands or even millions of years, mineral carbonation has several advantages and merits compared with other approaches to CCS (e.g., geological storage). First, mineral carbonation is the only option that can permanently store CO2 without monitoring. The carbonate products are naturally abundant minerals, which are environmentally friendly and leakage-free for geologic timescales. In addition, the abundance of Mg/Ca-silicates on Earth offers an enormous capacity for sequestering CO2. There is a wide range of materials that can be used for mineral carbonation: not only naturally occurring formations, such as olivine, serpentine, and wollastonite, but also highly reactive wastes comprised of Mg/Ca-rich materials, such as fly ash, iron and steel slags, cement kiln dust, and ultramafic mine wastes. In addition, the carbonation process generates heat by means of an exothermic reaction (Equation (1)), and the reactions can be self-perpetuated without additional energy input. Theoretically, the heat produced by exothermic carbonation can be utilized in endothermic mineral dissolution, but this has not yet been demonstrated in practice. The only drawbacks of mineral carbonation are that the reaction kinetics are often too slow, and the costs of accelerated carbonation are often too high, for it to be put into practice.
This Special Issue aims to gather contributions (in the form of research articles, letters, reviews, and communications) to update the community on developments in the areas of carbon capture and storage of CO2 via mineral carbonation. It is intended to support future developments in the low-carbon global economy concerning net carbon emissions and the availability of reagents.
I kindly invite you to submit a contribution to this Special Issue of Applied Sciences, “Mineral Carbonation Technology Towards Net Zero Carbon”.
Prof. Dr. Wen Ni
Dr. Jiajie Li
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Applied Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2300 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- CO2 capture
- CO2 mitigation
- mineral carbonation
- calcium looping/chemical looping process/chemical looping combustion
- CO2 adsorption
- materials for CO2 mineralization
- carbon dioxide fixation
- carbonation curing
- carbonation consolidation
- accelerated carbonation