Bioplastic as a Substitute for Plastic in Construction Industry
2.1. Bioplastic Definition
- Bio-based, derived from renewable natural raw materials;
- Biodegradable, of synthetic origin, but degrades quickly;
- Bio-based and biodegradable, when it possesses both properties (natural origin and degrades quickly).
2.2.1. Bio-Based Plastics
2.2.2. Fossil-Based but Biodegradable Plastic
2.2.3. Bio-Based and Biodegradable Plastics
2.3. The Original Raw Materials
2.4. End-of-Life Options
3. Applications in Construction
3.1. Biopolymers as Admixtures in Concrete and Mortar
3.2. Cement Replacement: Starch and Alginate as Adhesive Components
3.3. Application of Biopolymers as Aggregates in Concrete Mixtures
3.4. Reinforcing Biopolymers for Earthen Building Construction
3.5. Biopolymers as a Material for 3D Printing
3.6. Cultivating Building Elements: A Bioplastic That Is Grown
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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Oberti, I.; Paciello, A. Bioplastic as a Substitute for Plastic in Construction Industry. Encyclopedia 2022, 2, 1408-1420. https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia2030095
Oberti I, Paciello A. Bioplastic as a Substitute for Plastic in Construction Industry. Encyclopedia. 2022; 2(3):1408-1420. https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia2030095Chicago/Turabian Style
Oberti, Ilaria, and Alessia Paciello. 2022. "Bioplastic as a Substitute for Plastic in Construction Industry" Encyclopedia 2, no. 3: 1408-1420. https://doi.org/10.3390/encyclopedia2030095