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Augmenting the Role of Tourism Governance in Addressing Destination Justice, Ethics, and Equity for Sustainable Community-Based Tourism

1
Department of Exercise, Health and Sport Sciences, University of Southern Maine, Portland, ME 04104, USA
2
Department of Recreation, Park and Tourism Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Tour. Hosp. 2021, 2(1), 15-42; https://doi.org/10.3390/tourhosp2010002
Received: 16 November 2020 / Revised: 22 December 2020 / Accepted: 23 December 2020 / Published: 1 January 2021
Sustainable tourism development (STD) serves as a founding and guiding concept that can be applied to all forms of tourism, whereas community-based tourism (CBT) has been largely practiced as an alternative form of tourism development. Past research has suggested critical theoretical and practical omissions in both STD and CBT related to issues of community well-being, justice, ethics, and equity. With an objective of bridging these gaps, this research developed an integrated framework of sustainable community-based tourism (SCBT) based on a comprehensive literature review, which identified that there was a significant under-representation of key elements such as justice, ethics, and equity in the domain of governance both in the STD and CBT literatures. The qualitative research mixed emergent data with theory driven data and conducted semi-structured interviews with 40 diverse tourism stakeholders in the twin cities of Bryan–College Station (BCS) in Texas. Results revealed that tourism helped to promote cultural preservation and community pride and promoted the sense of mutual respect and understanding among visitors and stakeholders. However, some ethnic minorities felt they were not receiving full benefits of tourism. The study concluded that a more proactive, inclusive, ethic of care oriented tourism governance to help ensure sustainable tourism development is needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable tourism; community-based tourism; tourism governance; destination justice; ethics; equity; tourism stakeholders sustainable tourism; community-based tourism; tourism governance; destination justice; ethics; equity; tourism stakeholders
MDPI and ACS Style

Dangi, T.B.; Petrick, J.F. Augmenting the Role of Tourism Governance in Addressing Destination Justice, Ethics, and Equity for Sustainable Community-Based Tourism. Tour. Hosp. 2021, 2, 15-42. https://doi.org/10.3390/tourhosp2010002

AMA Style

Dangi TB, Petrick JF. Augmenting the Role of Tourism Governance in Addressing Destination Justice, Ethics, and Equity for Sustainable Community-Based Tourism. Tourism and Hospitality. 2021; 2(1):15-42. https://doi.org/10.3390/tourhosp2010002

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dangi, Tek B., and James F. Petrick. 2021. "Augmenting the Role of Tourism Governance in Addressing Destination Justice, Ethics, and Equity for Sustainable Community-Based Tourism" Tourism and Hospitality 2, no. 1: 15-42. https://doi.org/10.3390/tourhosp2010002

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