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Proceeding Paper

Electrical Investigation of the Mechanism of Water Adsorption/Desorption by Natural Clinoptilolite Desiccant Used in Food Preservation †

Institute for Polymers, Composites, and Biomaterials (IPCB-CNR), National Research Council, Piazzale E. Fermi, 1-80055 Portici, Italy
Presented at the 2nd Coatings and Interfaces Web Conference, 15–31 May 2020; Available online: https://ciwc2020.sciforum.net/.
Mater. Proc. 2020, 2(1), 15; https://doi.org/10.3390/CIWC2020-06800
Published: 21 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of 2nd Coatings and Interfaces Web Conference (CIWC-2 2020))
Powdered zeolites are used as a desiccant in the preservation of many types of vegetable foods (e.g., cereal grain, corn, etc.). Natural clinoptilolite is a very abundant, inexpensive, nontoxic, regenerable, and environmentally friendly zeolite with good desiccant properties. Here, water adsorption/desorption properties of natural clinoptilolite have been investigated by a novel technique based on a.c. electrical measurements. In particular, owing to the presence of extra-framework cations, zeolites are ionic conductors. The presence of water in cationic sites significantly modifies cation mobility, because strong electrostatic interactions act between cations and nucleophilic areas in 3D-frameworks, and non-hydrated cations have a near zero mobility, while hydrated cations have enough mobility at room temperature. The type of law controlling the adsorption/desorption process has been established by monitoring the real-time behavior of relative current intensity moving in the sample surface biased by a sinusoidal voltage signal of 20Vpp (5 kHz) and exposed to a constant moisture atmosphere (75%) at 25 °C. An intergranular diffusion control was active at the beginning of hydration because of the lamellar texture, then Lagergren irreversible pseudo-first-order kinetics took place. To confirm the adsorption mechanism and possibility of regenerating the clinoptilolite desiccant, dehydration by silica gel was electrically monitored and an exponential kinetic law found.
Keywords: food preservation; zeolites; natural clinoptilolite; desiccant; water adsorption/desorption; electrical measurements; kinetics; zeolite hydration mechanism food preservation; zeolites; natural clinoptilolite; desiccant; water adsorption/desorption; electrical measurements; kinetics; zeolite hydration mechanism
MDPI and ACS Style

Carotenuto, G. Electrical Investigation of the Mechanism of Water Adsorption/Desorption by Natural Clinoptilolite Desiccant Used in Food Preservation. Mater. Proc. 2020, 2, 15. https://doi.org/10.3390/CIWC2020-06800

AMA Style

Carotenuto G. Electrical Investigation of the Mechanism of Water Adsorption/Desorption by Natural Clinoptilolite Desiccant Used in Food Preservation. Materials Proceedings. 2020; 2(1):15. https://doi.org/10.3390/CIWC2020-06800

Chicago/Turabian Style

Carotenuto, Gianfranco. 2020. "Electrical Investigation of the Mechanism of Water Adsorption/Desorption by Natural Clinoptilolite Desiccant Used in Food Preservation" Materials Proceedings 2, no. 1: 15. https://doi.org/10.3390/CIWC2020-06800

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