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Article

Recruitment, Retention and Compliance of Overweight Inactive Adults with Intermediate Hyperglycaemia to a Novel Walking Intervention

1
Sports Lab North West, Letterkenny Institute of Technology, F92 FC93 Donegal, Ireland
2
Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Institute, Ulster University, Newtownabbey BT37 0QB, UK
3
School of Psychological Sciences and Health, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G1 1XQ, UK
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Faculty of Education Health & Wellbeing, University of Wolverhampton, Walsall WS1 3BD, UK
5
Clinical Biochemistry Department, Ulster Hospital, South Eastern Health Trust, Belfast BT16 1RH, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Bruno Guigas
Obesities 2021, 1(2), 88-100; https://doi.org/10.3390/Obesities1020008
Received: 7 May 2021 / Revised: 26 June 2021 / Accepted: 30 June 2021 / Published: 5 July 2021
This study evaluated the effectiveness of strategies used to recruit and retain overweight, inactive adults with intermediate hyperglycaemia (IHG) to a novel walking programme. Participant compliance to the nine-month randomised controlled trial (RCT) is also presented. Inactive overweight (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) adults (N = 42; n = 19 male, n = 23 female) aged between 18–65 years, with IHG were identified via three recruitment strategies (NHS database reviews, diabetic clinics, and a University population). Participants were randomly assigned to either Intervention Group (IG n = 22; n = 11 male, n = 11 female) or Usual Care (UC n = 20; n = 8 male, n = 12 female). IG followed a nine-month novel behaviour change intervention where they walked in accordance with physical activity guidelines using the beat of music to maintain appropriate cadence. UC received standard physical activity advice. Recruitment, retention, and intervention compliance were calculated using descriptive statistics (means or frequencies). Recruiting from a University population was the most successful strategy (64.2% response rate) followed by NHS database reviews (35.8%) and then diabetic clinics (0%). Study retention was ≥80% in both groups throughout the RCT. Intervention compliance was highest from baseline to four months (70.1 ± 39.2%) and decreased as the study progressed (43.4 ± 56.1% at four to six months and 37.5 ± 43.5% at follow-up). In total, 71.4% of IG walking completed throughout the study was at least moderate intensity. A novel walking intervention incorporating the use of music along with behaviour change techniques appears to positively influence the recruitment, retention, and walking compliance of this population. View Full-Text
Keywords: overweight; intermediate hyperglycaemia; prediabetes; walking; physical activity; behaviour change; recruitment strategies; retention; compliance overweight; intermediate hyperglycaemia; prediabetes; walking; physical activity; behaviour change; recruitment strategies; retention; compliance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Faulkner, M.; McNeilly, A.; Davison, G.; Rowe, D.; Hewitt, A.; Nevill, A.; Duly, E.; Trinick, T.; Murphy, M. Recruitment, Retention and Compliance of Overweight Inactive Adults with Intermediate Hyperglycaemia to a Novel Walking Intervention. Obesities 2021, 1, 88-100. https://doi.org/10.3390/Obesities1020008

AMA Style

Faulkner M, McNeilly A, Davison G, Rowe D, Hewitt A, Nevill A, Duly E, Trinick T, Murphy M. Recruitment, Retention and Compliance of Overweight Inactive Adults with Intermediate Hyperglycaemia to a Novel Walking Intervention. Obesities. 2021; 1(2):88-100. https://doi.org/10.3390/Obesities1020008

Chicago/Turabian Style

Faulkner, Maria, Andrea McNeilly, Gareth Davison, David Rowe, Allan Hewitt, Alan Nevill, Ellie Duly, Tom Trinick, and Marie Murphy. 2021. "Recruitment, Retention and Compliance of Overweight Inactive Adults with Intermediate Hyperglycaemia to a Novel Walking Intervention" Obesities 1, no. 2: 88-100. https://doi.org/10.3390/Obesities1020008

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