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Article

The Road to Accountable and Dependable Manufacturing

1
Communication and Distributed Systems, RWTH Aachen University, 52074 Aachen, Germany
2
School of Computer Science and Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Duc Truong Pham
Automation 2021, 2(3), 202-219; https://doi.org/10.3390/automation2030013
Received: 24 August 2021 / Revised: 7 September 2021 / Accepted: 8 September 2021 / Published: 13 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Digital Twins, Sensing Technologies and Automation in Industry 4.0)
The Internet of Things provides manufacturing with rich data for increased automation. Beyond company-internal data exploitation, the sharing of product and manufacturing process data along and across supply chains enables more efficient production flows and product lifecycle management. Even more, data-based automation facilitates short-lived ad hoc collaborations, realizing highly dynamic business relationships for sustainable exploitation of production resources and capacities. However, the sharing and use of business data across manufacturers and with end customers add requirements on data accountability, verifiability, and reliability and needs to consider security and privacy demands. While research has already identified blockchain technology as a key technology to address these challenges, current solutions mainly evolve around logistics or focus on established business relationships instead of automated but highly dynamic collaborations that cannot draw upon long-term trust relationships. We identify three open research areas on the road to such a truly accountable and dependable manufacturing enabled by blockchain technology: blockchain-inherent challenges, scenario-driven challenges, and socio-economic challenges. Especially tackling the scenario-driven challenges, we discuss requirements and options for realizing a blockchain-based trustworthy information store and outline its use for automation to achieve a reliable sharing of product information, efficient and dependable collaboration, and dynamic distributed markets without requiring established long-term trust. View Full-Text
Keywords: blockchain; supply chain management; Industry 4.0; manufacturing; secure industrial collaboration; scalability; industrial Internet of Things; Internet of Production blockchain; supply chain management; Industry 4.0; manufacturing; secure industrial collaboration; scalability; industrial Internet of Things; Internet of Production
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pennekamp, J.; Matzutt, R.; Kanhere, S.S.; Hiller, J.; Wehrle, K. The Road to Accountable and Dependable Manufacturing. Automation 2021, 2, 202-219. https://doi.org/10.3390/automation2030013

AMA Style

Pennekamp J, Matzutt R, Kanhere SS, Hiller J, Wehrle K. The Road to Accountable and Dependable Manufacturing. Automation. 2021; 2(3):202-219. https://doi.org/10.3390/automation2030013

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pennekamp, Jan, Roman Matzutt, Salil S. Kanhere, Jens Hiller, and Klaus Wehrle. 2021. "The Road to Accountable and Dependable Manufacturing" Automation 2, no. 3: 202-219. https://doi.org/10.3390/automation2030013

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