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Review

Quantum Biology: An Update and Perspective

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Leverhulme Quantum Biology Doctoral Training Centre, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH, UK
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Department of Microbial and Cellular Sciences, School of Bioscience and Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH, UK
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Advanced Technology Institute, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH, UK
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School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH, UK
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Manchester Institute of Biotechnology, Department of Chemistry, The University of Manchester, Manchester M1 7DN, UK
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Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH, UK
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Department of Chemistry, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
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Biometrology, Department of Chemical and Biological Sciences, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, Hampton Road, Middlesex TW11 0LW, UK
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Living Systems Institute, Department of Physics, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4QL, UK
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Department of Chemistry, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH, UK
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Lev Vaidman
Quantum Rep. 2021, 3(1), 80-126; https://doi.org/10.3390/quantum3010006
Received: 15 December 2020 / Revised: 14 January 2021 / Accepted: 20 January 2021 / Published: 26 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exclusive Feature Papers of Quantum Reports)
Understanding the rules of life is one of the most important scientific endeavours and has revolutionised both biology and biotechnology. Remarkable advances in observation techniques allow us to investigate a broad range of complex and dynamic biological processes in which living systems could exploit quantum behaviour to enhance and regulate biological functions. Recent evidence suggests that these non-trivial quantum mechanical effects may play a crucial role in maintaining the non-equilibrium state of biomolecular systems. Quantum biology is the study of such quantum aspects of living systems. In this review, we summarise the latest progress in quantum biology, including the areas of enzyme-catalysed reactions, photosynthesis, spin-dependent reactions, DNA, fluorescent proteins, and ion channels. Many of these results are expected to be fundamental building blocks towards understanding the rules of life. View Full-Text
Keywords: quantum biology; non-trivial quantum effects in biology; quantum tunnelling in enzyme-catalysed reactions; photosynthesis; synthetic light harvesting system; ion channel; fluorescent protein; magnetoreception; radical pairs; proton tunnelling in DNA quantum biology; non-trivial quantum effects in biology; quantum tunnelling in enzyme-catalysed reactions; photosynthesis; synthetic light harvesting system; ion channel; fluorescent protein; magnetoreception; radical pairs; proton tunnelling in DNA
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, Y.; Bertagna, F.; D’Souza, E.M.; Heyes, D.J.; Johannissen, L.O.; Nery, E.T.; Pantelias, A.; Sanchez-Pedreño Jimenez, A.; Slocombe, L.; Spencer, M.G.; Al-Khalili, J.; Engel, G.S.; Hay, S.; Hingley-Wilson, S.M.; Jeevaratnam, K.; Jones, A.R.; Kattnig, D.R.; Lewis, R.; Sacchi, M.; Scrutton, N.S.; Silva, S.R.P.; McFadden, J. Quantum Biology: An Update and Perspective. Quantum Rep. 2021, 3, 80-126. https://doi.org/10.3390/quantum3010006

AMA Style

Kim Y, Bertagna F, D’Souza EM, Heyes DJ, Johannissen LO, Nery ET, Pantelias A, Sanchez-Pedreño Jimenez A, Slocombe L, Spencer MG, Al-Khalili J, Engel GS, Hay S, Hingley-Wilson SM, Jeevaratnam K, Jones AR, Kattnig DR, Lewis R, Sacchi M, Scrutton NS, Silva SRP, McFadden J. Quantum Biology: An Update and Perspective. Quantum Reports. 2021; 3(1):80-126. https://doi.org/10.3390/quantum3010006

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Youngchan, Federico Bertagna, Edeline M. D’Souza, Derren J. Heyes, Linus O. Johannissen, Eveliny T. Nery, Antonio Pantelias, Alejandro Sanchez-Pedreño Jimenez, Louie Slocombe, Michael G. Spencer, Jim Al-Khalili, Gregory S. Engel, Sam Hay, Suzanne M. Hingley-Wilson, Kamalan Jeevaratnam, Alex R. Jones, Daniel R. Kattnig, Rebecca Lewis, Marco Sacchi, Nigel S. Scrutton, S. R.P. Silva, and Johnjoe McFadden. 2021. "Quantum Biology: An Update and Perspective" Quantum Reports 3, no. 1: 80-126. https://doi.org/10.3390/quantum3010006

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