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The Nexus between Market Needs and Value Attributes of Smart City Solutions towards Energy Transition. An Empirical Evidence of Two European Union (EU) Smart Cities, Evora and Alkmaar

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Chemical Process and Energy Resources Institute, Centre for Research and Technology Hellas, Thermi, GR-57001 Thessaloniki, Greece
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RINA Consulting S.p.A. Via Antonio Cecchi, 6, 16129 Genova, Italy
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Municipality of Alkmaar, Langestraat 97, 1800 BL Alkmaar, The Netherlands
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EDP New R&D Centre for New Energy Technologies, Rua Cidade de Goa, 4, 2685–039 Sacavém, Portugal
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Smart Cities 2020, 3(3), 604-641; https://doi.org/10.3390/smartcities3030032
Received: 29 April 2020 / Revised: 29 June 2020 / Accepted: 30 June 2020 / Published: 6 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers for Smart Cities)
This study presents an experiential process and a market-oriented approach for realizing cities’ energy transition through smart solutions. The aim of this study is twofold: (a) present a process for defining a repository of innovative solutions that can be applied at building, district, or city level, for two European Union cities, Evora and Alkmaar, and support the deployment of positive energy districts enabling a sustainable energy transition, and (b) understand in a systematic way the attributes of value offered by energy-related smart city solutions, in order to facilitate the development of sustainable value propositions that can successfully address city needs. The repository is assessed against four elements of value, which include social impact, life-changing, emotional, and functional attributes, according to the value pyramid of Maslow. Results show that the value attributes of quality, motivation, integration, cost reduction, information, and organization are highly relevant to the proposed smart solutions. The results presented in this study are useful for city planners, decision-makers, public bodies, citizens, and businesses interested in designing their energy transition strategy and defining novel technologies that promote urban energy sustainability. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart cities; monitoring; innovation; market; energy transition; business models; cultural heritage smart cities; monitoring; innovation; market; energy transition; business models; cultural heritage
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Giourka, P.; Apostolopoulos, V.; Angelakoglou, K.; Kourtzanidis, K.; Nikolopoulos, N.; Sougkakis, V.; Fuligni, F.; Barberis, S.; Verbeek, K.; Costa, J.M.; Formiga, J. The Nexus between Market Needs and Value Attributes of Smart City Solutions towards Energy Transition. An Empirical Evidence of Two European Union (EU) Smart Cities, Evora and Alkmaar. Smart Cities 2020, 3, 604-641.

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