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RedHerd: Offensive Cyberspace Operations as a Service

Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology, University of Napoli Federico II, 80138 Naples, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Jozef Juhár
Signals 2021, 2(4), 619-636; https://doi.org/10.3390/signals2040038
Received: 9 July 2021 / Revised: 8 August 2021 / Accepted: 1 September 2021 / Published: 1 October 2021
Nowadays, time, scope and cost constraints along with knowledge requirements and personnel training constitute blocking restrictions for effective Offensive Cyberspace Operations (OCO). This paper presents RedHerd, an open-source, collaborative and serverless orchestration framework that overcomes these limitations. RedHerd leverages the ‘as a Service’ paradigm in order to seamlessly deploy a ready-to-use infrastructure that can be also adopted for effective simulation and training purposes, by reliably reproducing a real-world cyberspace battlefield in which red and blue teams can challenge each other. We discuss both the design and implementation of the proposed solution, by focusing on its main functionality, as well as by highlighting how it perfectly fits the Open Systems Architecture design pattern, thanks to the adoption of both open standards and wide-spread open-source software components. The paper also presents a complete OCO simulation based on the usage of RedHerd to perform a fictitious attack and fully compromise an imaginary enterprise following the Cyber Kill Chain (CKC) phases. View Full-Text
Keywords: cyberspace operations; red teaming; adversarial simulation; penetration testing; orchestration; hacking cyberspace operations; red teaming; adversarial simulation; penetration testing; orchestration; hacking
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pecoraro, G.; D’Amico, M.; Romano, S.P. RedHerd: Offensive Cyberspace Operations as a Service. Signals 2021, 2, 619-636. https://doi.org/10.3390/signals2040038

AMA Style

Pecoraro G, D’Amico M, Romano SP. RedHerd: Offensive Cyberspace Operations as a Service. Signals. 2021; 2(4):619-636. https://doi.org/10.3390/signals2040038

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pecoraro, Giovanni, Mario D’Amico, and Simon Pietro Romano. 2021. "RedHerd: Offensive Cyberspace Operations as a Service" Signals 2, no. 4: 619-636. https://doi.org/10.3390/signals2040038

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