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Heritage 2019, 2(1), 207-215; https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage2010015

A New Practical Approach for 3D Documentation in Ultraviolet Fluorescence and Infrared Reflectography of Polychromatic Sculptures as Fundamental Step in Restoration

1
Laboratory of Diagnostics and Materials Science “Michele Cordaro”, University of Tuscia, 01100 Viterbo, Italy
2
Department of Economy, Engineering, Society and Business Organization, University of Tuscia, 01100 Viterbo, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Received: 20 December 2018 / Accepted: 9 January 2019 / Published: 15 January 2019
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Abstract

The aim of this work is to present a new practical approach to digital photogrammetry to obtain 3D models of polychromatic sculptures under ultraviolet fluorescence and near-infrared by starting from photographic images. This digital photogrammetry was applied recently to a 17th-century reliquary bust representing St. Rodonio, a saint particularly venerated by the Orthodox Church, presently under restoration in the Laboratories of University of Tuscia and belonging to the Museum of Colle del Duomo of Viterbo (Italy). The acquisitions of ultraviolet fluorescence and infrared frames were performed using a Nikon D5300 digital SLR camera and a modified low-cost digital camera (Samsung Model NX3300), respectively. The three-dimensional UV and IR models were obtained using Agisoft PhotoScan® software. The generated ultraviolet 3D model of the bust makes visible, in a single file, the fluorescence induced by UV radiation on the entire sculpture, highlighting surface abrasions, organic dyes, and ancient protective features. The infrared 3D model allowed for better definition of the details of the drawing used for eyes, nose and mouth definition. In conclusion, the ultraviolet fluorescence and IR 3D models of Saint Rodonio were particularly useful as documentation tools for the conservation status and for the painting construction, allowing us to perfectly map the original and restoration materials and to detect the drawing in single dynamic 3D files following a totally non-invasive, cost-effective, and rapid approach. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D documentation; digital photogrammetry; ultraviolet fluorescence photography; infrared photography; sculptures; restoration 3D documentation; digital photogrammetry; ultraviolet fluorescence photography; infrared photography; sculptures; restoration
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Lanteri, L.; Agresti, G.; Pelosi, C. A New Practical Approach for 3D Documentation in Ultraviolet Fluorescence and Infrared Reflectography of Polychromatic Sculptures as Fundamental Step in Restoration. Heritage 2019, 2, 207-215.

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