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Faunal Remains from Torre Velha 12 (Serpa, Beja, Southwest of Portugal): Relationship between Animals and Bronze Age Communities

1
Archaeologist, University of Minho, Institute of Social Sciences, 4704-553 Braga, Portugal
2
Interdisciplinary Centre for Archaeology and Evolution of Human Behavior (ICArEHB), University of Algarve, 8005-139 Faro, Portugal
3
Landscape, Heritage and Territory Laboratory (LAB2PT), Department of History, University of Minho, Campus de Gualtar, 4710-059 Braga, Portugal
4
Center of Archaeology, Arts and Heritage Sciences (CEAACP)-University of Coimbra, 3000-395 Coimbra, Portugal
5
Arqueologia e Património, Lda. 4455-804 Matosinhos, Portugal
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Heritage 2019, 2(1), 216-229; https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage2010016
Received: 30 November 2018 / Revised: 8 January 2019 / Accepted: 8 January 2019 / Published: 15 January 2019
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Abstract

Torre Velha 12 is located in Serpa (Beja) and was excavated and directed by two of the authors (LB and SG), during an emergency intervention within the Alqueva Project. This site is characterized by negative structures filled with pottery sherds and other materials dating to the 3rd and 2nd millennia BCE. The aim of this paper is to publish the study of the faunal remains dated from Bronze Age (2nd millennium BCE). The faunal assemblage is small and comes from non-funerary pits and from funerary hypogea. Other than a bone artefact and an undetermined shell fragment, all of the remains integrated in the pits were classified as mammals. Sheep/goat is was frequently found while other species such as cattle and swines had lower frequencies. Fragments of cattle limbs are the only faunal remains associated with human burials and reveal a clear taxonomical and anatomical pattern that may be an indicator of a careful and structured anthropogenic behavior. The aim of this paper is to understand the social relationship between animals and the Bronze Age communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bronze Age; mammals; relationship between animals and prehistoric communities; mammals; society Bronze Age; mammals; relationship between animals and prehistoric communities; mammals; society
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Senra, M.; Costa, C.; Bettencourt, A.M.; Baptista, L.; Gomes, S. Faunal Remains from Torre Velha 12 (Serpa, Beja, Southwest of Portugal): Relationship between Animals and Bronze Age Communities. Heritage 2019, 2, 216-229.

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