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Integrating Non-Destructive Testing, Laser Scanning, and Numerical Modeling for Damage Assessment: The Room of the Elements

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA
2
Department of Structural Engineering, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA 92161, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Heritage 2019, 2(1), 151-168; https://doi.org/10.3390/heritage2010012
Received: 13 November 2018 / Revised: 20 December 2018 / Accepted: 5 January 2019 / Published: 10 January 2019
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Abstract

For preservation efforts and stability assessment of historic structures it is imperative to understand the extent of existing damages and possible modes for how they could have occurred. The aim of this work is to illustrate the importance of integrating documentation, non-destructive testing, and numerical modeling for damage assessment of heritage structures. In particular, this work explores the synthesis of these techniques on a plastered masonry wall in Palazzo Vecchio. Laser scanning was used to capture the geometry of the wall while terrestrial photogrammetry and high-resolution images were used to document the magnitude of cracking in the plaster layer. High resolution thermal images were used to document the distribution of stones and additional cracks not visible through the plaster layer. The results of documentation and non-destructive testing were used to generate an as-built model for structural analysis. Finite distinct element modeling was used to simulate the response of the wall to a series of loading conditions. By comparing the results of simulation to existing crack patterns, theories for how the damage occurred were generated. View Full-Text
Keywords: historic structure; documentation; laser scanning; non-destructive testing; thermal imaging; structural analysis; finite distinct element modeling historic structure; documentation; laser scanning; non-destructive testing; thermal imaging; structural analysis; finite distinct element modeling
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Napolitano, R.; Hess, M.; Glisic, B. Integrating Non-Destructive Testing, Laser Scanning, and Numerical Modeling for Damage Assessment: The Room of the Elements. Heritage 2019, 2, 151-168.

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