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Colloids Interfaces 2018, 2(3), 35; https://doi.org/10.3390/colloids2030035

The Impact of Biosurfactants on Microbial Cell Properties Leading to Hydrocarbon Bioavailability Increase

Institute of Chemical Technology and Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Technology, Poznan University of Technology, 4 Berdychowo Street, 60-965 Poznań, Poland
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Received: 1 August 2018 / Revised: 20 August 2018 / Accepted: 23 August 2018 / Published: 26 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biosurfactants: Trends and Applications)
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Abstract

The environment pollution with hydrophobic hydrocarbons is a serious problem that requires development of efficient strategies that would lead to bioremediation of contaminated areas. One of the common methods used for enhancement of biodegradation of pollutants is the addition of biosurfactants. Several mechanisms have been postulated as responsible for hydrocarbons bioavailability enhancement with biosurfactants. They include solubilization and desorption of pollutants as well as modification of bacteria cell surface properties. The presented review contains a wide discussion of these mechanisms in the context of alteration of bioremediation efficiency with biosurfactants. It brings new light to such a complex and important issue. View Full-Text
Keywords: bacteria; biodegradation; biosurfactants; hydrocarbons; hydrophobic pollutants; membrane permeability; rhamnolipids; zeta potential bacteria; biodegradation; biosurfactants; hydrocarbons; hydrophobic pollutants; membrane permeability; rhamnolipids; zeta potential
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Kaczorek, E.; Pacholak, A.; Zdarta, A.; Smułek, W. The Impact of Biosurfactants on Microbial Cell Properties Leading to Hydrocarbon Bioavailability Increase. Colloids Interfaces 2018, 2, 35.

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