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Proceedings, 2024, ESSUAlg 2024

VII Poster Sunset Session

Faro, Portugal|30 January 2024

Volume Editors:
Ana Luísa De Sousa-Coelho, Universidade do Algarve, Portugal
Mónica T. Fernandes, Universidade do Algarve, Portugal
Dulce Estêvão, Universidade do Algarve, Portugal
Margarida Espírito-Santo, Universidade do Algarve, Portugal
Luis Braz, Universidade do Algarve, Portugal
Tânia Nascimento, Universidade do Algarve, Portugal

Number of Papers: 11
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Cover Story (view full-size image): The Poster Sunset Session was initiated in 2017 by the School of Health of the University of Algarve (ESSUAlg). It mainly offers an opportunity to present research projects and the newest findings by [...] Read more.
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Editorial

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1 pages, 168 KiB  
Editorial
Statement of Peer Review
by Ana Luísa De Sousa-Coelho, Mónica T. Fernandes, M. Dulce Estêvão, Margarida Espírito-Santo, Luis Braz and Tânia Nascimento
Proceedings 2024, 99(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2024099001 - 10 Apr 2024
Viewed by 688
Abstract
In submitting conference proceedings to Proceedings, the volume editors of the proceedings certify to the publisher that all papers published in this volume have been subjected to peer review administered by the volume editors [...] Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of VII Poster Sunset Session—ESSUAlg 2024)
2 pages, 169 KiB  
Editorial
Preface: VII Poster Sunset Session—ESSUAlg 2024
by Ana Luísa De Sousa-Coelho, Mónica T. Fernandes, M. Dulce Estêvão, Margarida Espírito-Santo, Luis Braz and Tânia Nascimento
Proceedings 2024, 99(1), 2; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2024099002 - 10 Apr 2024
Viewed by 412
Abstract
The event “Poster Sunset Session” began in 2017 at the School of Health of the University of Algarve (ESSUAlg), bringing the premise that scientific knowledge depends on research and critical analysis and that the exchange of ideas and information is an essential part [...] Read more.
The event “Poster Sunset Session” began in 2017 at the School of Health of the University of Algarve (ESSUAlg), bringing the premise that scientific knowledge depends on research and critical analysis and that the exchange of ideas and information is an essential part of the continuous development process [...] Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of VII Poster Sunset Session—ESSUAlg 2024)

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4 pages, 513 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
The Immune Tumor Microenvironment in Gliomas: May CITED2 Play a Role?
by Mónica Teotónio Fernandes
Proceedings 2024, 99(1), 3; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2024099003 - 11 Apr 2024
Viewed by 542
Abstract
Gliomas are the most common brain cancers, resulting from transformed glial cells. CITED2 is a co-transcriptional regulator previously implicated in several types of cancer, affecting both cell-intrinsic processes and the microenvironment. Because in breast cancer it was shown to contribute to the recruitment [...] Read more.
Gliomas are the most common brain cancers, resulting from transformed glial cells. CITED2 is a co-transcriptional regulator previously implicated in several types of cancer, affecting both cell-intrinsic processes and the microenvironment. Because in breast cancer it was shown to contribute to the recruitment of macrophages and their polarization to an immunosuppressive phenotype, a potential similar role was explored in gliomas. By analyzing publicly available databases using a set of bioinformatics tools, it was found that CITED2 is overexpressed in higher-grade gliomas and contributes to an adverse prognosis. In addition, CITED2 expression correlates with macrophage infiltration and a M2 phenotype. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of VII Poster Sunset Session—ESSUAlg 2024)
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3 pages, 179 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Chemical and Health Risks of Swimming Pool Maintenance Workers
by Adriana Silva, Ezequiel Pinto and Nídia Braz
Proceedings 2024, 99(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2024099004 - 11 Apr 2024
Viewed by 628
Abstract
Swimming pool maintenance workers are exposed to occupational hazards, as it involves the regular handling of toxic chemicals. These exposures can result in acute reactions or chronic complications. The present study, still in the design phase, aims to describe the chemical and biological [...] Read more.
Swimming pool maintenance workers are exposed to occupational hazards, as it involves the regular handling of toxic chemicals. These exposures can result in acute reactions or chronic complications. The present study, still in the design phase, aims to describe the chemical and biological exposure of workers of a swimming pool maintenance company and to verify its compliance with the safety standards in force. A quantitative questionnaire will identify the use of personal protective equipment, chemical agents, and handling procedures, particularly regarding the time and frequency of use. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of VII Poster Sunset Session—ESSUAlg 2024)
3 pages, 172 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Errors in the Administration of Single-Dose Dry Powder Inhalers in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
by Rui Cintra and Ana Paula Fontes
Proceedings 2024, 99(1), 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2024099005 - 10 Apr 2024
Viewed by 409
Abstract
Checking the effect of a therapeutic education program on the number of errors during the use of two single-dose dry powder inhalers in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and whether there are differences in the number and type of errors in inhalation [...] Read more.
Checking the effect of a therapeutic education program on the number of errors during the use of two single-dose dry powder inhalers in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and whether there are differences in the number and type of errors in inhalation technique after an education session, between the Aerolizer® and Handihaler® inhalers, validated using a specific checklist. The sample included 24 users, 17 men and 7 women, with an average age of 68 ± 11 years. It was found, for all the usual significance levels, that the education program contributed to a reduction in errors in administration procedures. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of VII Poster Sunset Session—ESSUAlg 2024)
4 pages, 188 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Perceptions of Insects and Algae as Alternative Protein Sources
by Diego Linares, Joice Francisco, Lyvia Nogueira, Melissa Caetano, Ezequiel Pinto and Maria Palma Mateus
Proceedings 2024, 99(1), 6; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2024099006 - 11 Apr 2024
Viewed by 602
Abstract
Algae and insects are commercially available food products that can be alternative protein sources to meat, fish, and eggs, even if consumers find them less appealing. This study analyzed the opinions of a non-random sample of Portuguese adults, using an online, self-fulfillment questionnaire. [...] Read more.
Algae and insects are commercially available food products that can be alternative protein sources to meat, fish, and eggs, even if consumers find them less appealing. This study analyzed the opinions of a non-random sample of Portuguese adults, using an online, self-fulfillment questionnaire. We collected valid questionnaires from 188 participants. Previous intake history was low for insect-based products (11%) but not for algae (61%). Protein bars with insect flour or algae were considered the most appealing products based on alternative protein sources. Consumer education is needed to promote insects as alternative protein sources. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of VII Poster Sunset Session—ESSUAlg 2024)
4 pages, 397 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Prevalence of Potentially Inappropriate Medication Use in Older Adults with Chronic Diseases
by Tânia Nascimento, Amanda Andrade, Catarina Cabrita, Sandra Pais and Rocio De la Puerta
Proceedings 2024, 99(1), 7; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2024099007 - 11 Apr 2024
Viewed by 530
Abstract
Older adults often consume high amounts of medicines, some of which may not be suitable for their age. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out on elderly people (>60 years) diagnosed with chronic diseases and taking at least one medication. The consumption of [...] Read more.
Older adults often consume high amounts of medicines, some of which may not be suitable for their age. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out on elderly people (>60 years) diagnosed with chronic diseases and taking at least one medication. The consumption of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) was analyzed using the EU(7)-PIM List. Of the 65 elderly included, the majority were women (83.1%), diagnosed with hypertension (60.0%), and took 4.09 ± 2.104 medicines. More than 58% consumed at least one PIM. Nervous system PIMs were the most prevalent (29.2%, n = 19). There is a high prevalence of PIM use among the elderly, necessitating regular evaluation for safer medication use. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of VII Poster Sunset Session—ESSUAlg 2024)
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4 pages, 214 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Food Insecurity in Higher Education Students
by Aline de Paula, Beatriz Carneiro, Inês Mendes, Mariana Pacheco, Marta Gonçalves, Ezequiel Pinto and Maria Palma Mateus
Proceedings 2024, 99(1), 8; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2024099008 - 15 Apr 2024
Viewed by 456
Abstract
Food insecurity (FI) indicates a situation in which there is no regular access to food in satisfactory quantity and quality. To characterize FI in students from Portuguese higher education institutions, a study was conducted in a non-random sample of students, with an online [...] Read more.
Food insecurity (FI) indicates a situation in which there is no regular access to food in satisfactory quantity and quality. To characterize FI in students from Portuguese higher education institutions, a study was conducted in a non-random sample of students, with an online questionnaire consisting of sociodemographic questions and the Portuguese version of the IF scale. There were 200 valid questionnaires and 27.5% of the participants were classified as having some degree of FI. Participants with FI reported fewer visits to the family’s home (p = 0.024) and less financial resources (p < 0.001). The results indicate that interventions are needed in this area. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of VII Poster Sunset Session—ESSUAlg 2024)
4 pages, 201 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Interpretation of Many-Valuedness in Quality-of-Life Instruments
by Luís Pedro Ribeiro, Patrik Eklund, Maria Augusta Ferreira, Anabela Ribeiro, Maria Conceição Farinha, Maria Adelaide Paiva, Tânia Gonçalves, Ana Paula Fontes and João Pinheiro
Proceedings 2024, 99(1), 9; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2024099009 - 15 Apr 2024
Viewed by 396
Abstract
Assessment instruments for functioning in general and quality of life in particular often involve discrete scales with three, four, or five values, or Visual Analogue Scales (VAS) with a range 0–100. VAS scales often need to be downsized and discretized using intervals or [...] Read more.
Assessment instruments for functioning in general and quality of life in particular often involve discrete scales with three, four, or five values, or Visual Analogue Scales (VAS) with a range 0–100. VAS scales often need to be downsized and discretized using intervals or clusters. Cutoff points for these intervals/clusters need to be carefully selected and justified. Our objective was to underline the importance of providing clear interpretations of many-valuedness appearing in quality-of-life (QoL) instruments, and to present a methodology for the provision of such clearness. Doing so, we view QoL scales as originating within the World Health Organization (WHO). Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of VII Poster Sunset Session—ESSUAlg 2024)
4 pages, 658 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
Bone Mineral Density and Body Composition among Individuals Who Practice Sports with Mechanical Impact and Sedentary Activities
by João Pinheiro, Luís Ribeiro and Manuel Coelho-e-Silva
Proceedings 2024, 99(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2024099010 - 18 Apr 2024
Viewed by 463
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to evaluate indicators of bone health associated with sports practice in male adolescents using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to measure bone mineral content (BMC), density (BMD), and body composition (BC) for the whole body (WB) and specific [...] Read more.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate indicators of bone health associated with sports practice in male adolescents using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to measure bone mineral content (BMC), density (BMD), and body composition (BC) for the whole body (WB) and specific regions. This cross-sectional study involved 65 individuals (18–35 years). Athletes had higher BMD for WB (1.064 ± 0.121 g/m−2) than sedentary individuals (0.753 ± 0.129 g/cm−2). Differences were also observed within specific regions such as the trunk, upper and lower limbs. Individuals who practice regular sports present improved bone health indicators compared to their sedentary peers. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of VII Poster Sunset Session—ESSUAlg 2024)
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4 pages, 787 KiB  
Proceeding Paper
On the Run—Comparing Bioimpedance Analysis (BIA) Using Portable Devices
by Carina Vieira Dias, Joana C. Dias, Céu Laranjo, Paulo Cardoso and Ana Luísa De Sousa-Coelho
Proceedings 2024, 99(1), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2024099011 - 17 Apr 2024
Viewed by 491
Abstract
Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is a non-invasive indirect method that allows for measurement of lean and fat body mass. The main goal of this exploratory study was to compare the results from two different portable BIA devices. We found that only fat-free mass [...] Read more.
Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is a non-invasive indirect method that allows for measurement of lean and fat body mass. The main goal of this exploratory study was to compare the results from two different portable BIA devices. We found that only fat-free mass and body fat mass were directly comparable between InBodyS10 (Teprel, Porto, Portugal) and seca mBCA 525 (Bacelar, Porto, Portugal) medical portable BIA devices. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of VII Poster Sunset Session—ESSUAlg 2024)
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