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The Provision and Accessibility to Parks in Ho Chi Minh City: Disparities along the Urban Core—Periphery Axis

1
Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Centre Urbanisation Culture Société 385, rue Sherbrooke Est, Montréal, QC H2X 1E3, Canada
2
Département d’Études Urbaines et Touristiques, Université du Québec à Montréal 315, rue Sainte-Catherine Est, Montréal, QC H2X 3X2, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Urban Sci. 2019, 3(1), 37; https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci3010037
Received: 28 January 2019 / Revised: 8 March 2019 / Accepted: 15 March 2019 / Published: 20 March 2019
In Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC, Vietnam), there is now an urgent need for evaluating access to parks in an effort to ensure better planning within the context of rapid and increasingly privatized urbanization. In this article, we analyze the provision and accessibility to parks in HCMC. To achieve this, the information gathered was then integrated into the geographical information systems (GISs). Based on an Ascending Hierarchical Classification, we were able to identify five different types ranging in their intrinsic characteristics. The accessibility measurements calculated in the GISs show that communities are located an average of at least 879 meters away from parks, which is a relatively short distance. Children have a level of accessibility comparable to that of the overall population. Accessibility also seems to vary greatly throughout the City—populations residing in central districts (planned before 1996) enjoy better accessibility compared to those in peripheral neighborhoods (planned after 1996). Parks located in areas planned between 1996 and 2002 are the least accessible, followed by parks in areas planned after 2003. Our findings suggest possible approaches that could be used to help ensure the quality of parks and their spatial accessibility. View Full-Text
Keywords: park access; urban park; park planning; Vietnam urban planning; Ho Chi Minh City; spatial analysis park access; urban park; park planning; Vietnam urban planning; Ho Chi Minh City; spatial analysis
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Hoang, A.T.; Apparicio, P.; Pham, T.-T.-H. The Provision and Accessibility to Parks in Ho Chi Minh City: Disparities along the Urban Core—Periphery Axis. Urban Sci. 2019, 3, 37.

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