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Spatial Characteristics and Activity Space Pattern Analysis of Dhaka City, Bangladesh

1
Transportation Science, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-3600, USA
2
Department of Urban Planning and Public Policy, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Urban Sci. 2019, 3(1), 36; https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci3010036
Received: 31 December 2018 / Revised: 20 February 2019 / Accepted: 6 March 2019 / Published: 18 March 2019
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Abstract

Although a handful of studies have begun to integrate activity space within travel behavior analysis in the European and United States (U.S.) contexts, few studies have measured the size, structure, and implications of human activity spaces in the context of developing countries. To identify the effects of land-use characteristics, socio-demographics, individual trip characteristics, and personal attitudes on the travel-activity based spatial behavior of various population groups in Dhaka city, Bangladesh, a household-based travel diary pilot survey (for two weekdays) was conducted for 50 randomly selected households in the winter of 2017. The study focused on two separate subareas: one taken from Dhaka North City Corporation, and another taken from Dhaka South City Corporation. Two methods—shortest-path network and road network buffer—were used for calculating activity space in a geographic information system (GIS). The daily activity areas for individual respondents ranged from 0.37 to 6.18 square miles. Land-use mix was found to be a significant predictor of activity space size for the residents. Larger activity space was recorded for the residents of one subarea over another due to less land-use diversity. The pilot data showed some specific socio-economic and travel differences across the two study subareas (car ownership, income, modal share, distance traveled, trip duration). View Full-Text
Keywords: activity space; travel pattern; accessibility; social exclusion; individual perception activity space; travel pattern; accessibility; social exclusion; individual perception
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Sharmeen, N.; Houston, D. Spatial Characteristics and Activity Space Pattern Analysis of Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Urban Sci. 2019, 3, 36.

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