A printed edition of this Special Issue is available at MDPI Books....
Urbanization and Inequality/Poverty
Energy Studies Institute, National University of Singapore, Singapore 119620, Singapore
Urban Sci. 2017, 1(4), 35; https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci1040035
Received: 22 September 2017 / Revised: 24 November 2017 / Accepted: 24 November 2017 / Published: 27 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Inequality)
The level of world urbanization has crossed the 50% mark, and nearly all future population growth is projected to occur in cities. Cities are disproportionately wealthy, but are associated with poverty, too. Addressing the dual challenges of urbanization and poverty is key to achieving sustainable development. This paper performs cross-sectional regressions, based on Kuznets, as a starting point for understanding the relationship between urbanization and poverty/inequality indicators. Increases in gross domestic product per capita unambiguously lowered poverty and narrowed rural-urban gaps. By contrast, levels of urbanization were either unrelated to poverty/inequality indicators and measures of rural-urban gaps, or had a nonlinear effect where, initially, increases in urbanization likewise led to improvements in those areas, while at higher levels of urbanization, increases in urbanization exacerbated poverty and rural-urban gaps. View Full-Text
Keywords: economic growth and urbanization; urbanization and inequality/poverty; Kuznets-type relationships
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
MDPI and ACS Style
Liddle, B. Urbanization and Inequality/Poverty. Urban Sci. 2017, 1, 35.
AMA StyleShow more citation formats Show less citations formats
Liddle B. Urbanization and Inequality/Poverty. Urban Science. 2017; 1(4):35.Chicago/Turabian Style
Liddle, Brantley. 2017. "Urbanization and Inequality/Poverty." Urban Sci. 1, no. 4: 35.
Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.
Article Access Statistics
Multiple requests from the same IP address are counted as one view.