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Pipe Dreams: Urban Wastewater Treatment for Biodiversity Protection

1
Graduate Landscape Architecture Program, Morgan State University, Baltimore, MD 21251, USA
2
Graduate Architecture Program, Morgan State University, Baltimore, MD 21251, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Urban Sci. 2018, 2(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci2010010
Received: 21 December 2017 / Revised: 24 January 2018 / Accepted: 25 January 2018 / Published: 30 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Inequality)
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PDF [223 KB, uploaded 30 January 2018]

Abstract

Wastewater treatment systems in urban areas of the United States have reached a critical replacement age. From century-old, deteriorating systems raw sewage overflows into basements, streets and surface waters. In economically depressed cities, sewage overflows are frequent and heavily fined, costing municipalities millions of dollars. Pollution by untreated wastewater severely degrades aquatic and wetland ecosystems and exacerbates serious risks to public health. Necessary and extensive clean water infrastructure repairs are imperative to protect the health and habitat of humans and other organisms. As accelerating human development contributes to wide spread losses of naturally occurring wetlands, dwindling patches of habitat native plant and animal species rely on for survival are further threatened. Within this alarming situation is an opportunity to rebuild and retrofit our wastewater treatment systems with infrastructure that enhances long-term ecosystem sustainability. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban wastewater treatment; constructed wetlands; habitat loss urban wastewater treatment; constructed wetlands; habitat loss
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Cunningham, C.; Gharipour, M. Pipe Dreams: Urban Wastewater Treatment for Biodiversity Protection. Urban Sci. 2018, 2, 10.

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