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Open AccessArticle

Deep Reinforcement Learning Algorithms in Intelligent Infrastructure

Alumni Imperial College London, Intelligent Systems and Networks Group, Electrical and Electronic Engineering, South Kensington, London SW7 2AZ, UK
Infrastructures 2019, 4(3), 52;
Received: 25 June 2019 / Revised: 11 August 2019 / Accepted: 12 August 2019 / Published: 16 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligent Infrastructures)
PDF [869 KB, uploaded 16 August 2019]


Intelligent infrastructure, including smart cities and intelligent buildings, must learn and adapt to the variable needs and requirements of users, owners and operators in order to be future proof and to provide a return on investment based on Operational Expenditure (OPEX) and Capital Expenditure (CAPEX). To address this challenge, this article presents a biological algorithm based on neural networks and deep reinforcement learning that enables infrastructure to be intelligent by making predictions about its different variables. In addition, the proposed method makes decisions based on real time data. Intelligent infrastructure must be able to proactively monitor, protect and repair itself: this includes independent components and assets working the same way any autonomous biological organisms would. Neurons of artificial neural networks are associated with a prediction or decision layer based on a deep reinforcement learning algorithm that takes into consideration all of its previous learning. The proposed method was validated against an intelligent infrastructure dataset with outstanding results: the intelligent infrastructure was able to learn, predict and adapt to its variables, and components could make relevant decisions autonomously, emulating a living biological organism in which data flow exhaustively.
Keywords: deep reinforcement learning; neural networks; intelligent buildings; intelligent infrastructure; smart cities; building information model; Internet of Things deep reinforcement learning; neural networks; intelligent buildings; intelligent infrastructure; smart cities; building information model; Internet of Things
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Serrano, W. Deep Reinforcement Learning Algorithms in Intelligent Infrastructure. Infrastructures 2019, 4, 52.

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