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Open AccessArticle

Synthetic Aggregates for the Production of Innovative Low Impact Porous Layers for Urban Pavements

Department of Civil, Chemical, Environmental, and Materials Engineering, University of Bologna, 40136 Bologna, Italy
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Infrastructures 2019, 4(3), 48; https://doi.org/10.3390/infrastructures4030048
Received: 28 June 2019 / Revised: 26 July 2019 / Accepted: 3 August 2019 / Published: 6 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances and Future Trends in Pavement Engineering)
According to the latest estimates, 40% of urban areas are covered by pavements. One of the most remarkable effects on the urban environment is the increase in impermeable surfaces which leads to problems related to water infiltration into the ground and the increase in wash-off volumes. The use of permeable and porous layers in urban applications for cycle lanes, footpaths and parking areas is growing in interest, increasing the potential for control and management of urban runoff. In this paper, a physical and mechanical characterization is proposed of an innovative mixture, prepared with a polymeric transparent binder for semi-porous layers with reduced contribution to the urban heat island effect. Two versions of this mixture are compared, one with just virgin and the one with artificial synthetic aggregates, produced through the alkali-activation of waste basalt powder. Results show suitable properties for both materials if compared to porous asphalt concretes in traditional pavements. Furthermore, the application of synthetic aggregates seems to be a viable solution for the production of innovative and eco-friendly mixtures, allowing the recycling of waste materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: permeable pavements; porous asphalt concrete; polymeric transparent binder; synthetic aggregates; urban pavements; urban runoff permeable pavements; porous asphalt concrete; polymeric transparent binder; synthetic aggregates; urban pavements; urban runoff
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Tataranni, P.; Sangiorgi, C. Synthetic Aggregates for the Production of Innovative Low Impact Porous Layers for Urban Pavements. Infrastructures 2019, 4, 48.

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