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Fiber Optics Sensors in Asphalt Pavement: State-of-the-Art Review

1
EMIB Research Group, Faculty of Applied Engineering, University of Antwerp, 2020 Antwerp, Belgium
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Com&Sens, 9810 Nazareth, Belgium
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Op3Mech Research Group, Faculty of Applied Engineering, University of Antwerp, Groenenborgerlaan 171, 2020 Antwerp, Belgium
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Port of Antwerp, Zaha Hadidplein 1, 2030 Antwerp, Belgium
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Agency for Roads and Traffic, 1140 Evere, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Infrastructures 2019, 4(2), 36; https://doi.org/10.3390/infrastructures4020036
Received: 15 May 2019 / Revised: 13 June 2019 / Accepted: 14 June 2019 / Published: 20 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advance and Future Trends in Pavement Engineering)
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Abstract

Pavement design is essentially and usually a structural long-term evaluation process which is needed to ensure that traffic loads are efficiently distributed at all levels of the total road structure. Furthermore, to get a complete analysis of its durability behavior, long-term monitoring should be facilitated, not only from the top by falling weight deflectometer (FWD) or core drilling but preferably from inside the structure and at exactly the same positions during a long-time interval. Considering that it is very hard to devise an efficient method to determine realistic in-situ mechanical properties of pavements, the determination of strain at the bottom of asphalt pavement layers through non-destructive tests is of a great interest. As it is known, fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors are the most promising candidates to effectively replace conventional strain gauges for a long-term monitoring application in a harsh environment. The main goals of this paper are to compile an overview of the recent developments worldwide in the application of fiber optics sensors (FOS) in asphalt pavement monitoring systems; to find out if those systems provide repeatable and suitable results for a long-term monitoring; if there are certain solutions to validate an inverse modelling approach based on the results of FWD and FOS. View Full-Text
Keywords: asphalt; fiber optics sensors (FOS); fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors; falling weight deflectometer (FWD) asphalt; fiber optics sensors (FOS); fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors; falling weight deflectometer (FWD)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Kara De Maeijer, P.; Luyckx, G.; Vuye, C.; Voet, E.; Van den bergh, W.; Vanlanduit, S.; Braspenninckx, J.; Stevens, N.; De Wolf, J. Fiber Optics Sensors in Asphalt Pavement: State-of-the-Art Review. Infrastructures 2019, 4, 36.

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