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On the Use of Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition for the Identification of Bridge Frequency from the Responses Measured in a Passing Vehicle

School of Civil Engineering, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland
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Infrastructures 2019, 4(2), 32; https://doi.org/10.3390/infrastructures4020032
Received: 22 April 2019 / Revised: 21 May 2019 / Accepted: 24 May 2019 / Published: 4 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovate, Research, and Maintain Transportation Infrastructure)
In this paper, ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD) and empirical mode decomposition (EMD) methods are used for the effective identification of bridge natural frequencies from drive-by measurements. A vehicle bridge interaction (VBI) model is created using the finite element (FE) method in Matlab. The EMD is employed to decompose the signals measured on the vehicle to their main components. It is shown that the bridge component of the response measured on the vehicle can be extracted using the EMD method. The influence of some factors, such as the road roughness profile and measurement noise, on the results are investigated. The results suggest that the EMD shows good performance under those conditions, but the accuracy of the results may still need to be improved. It is shown that in some cases, the EMD may not be able to decompose the signal effectively and includes mode mixing. This results in inaccuracies in the identification of bridge frequencies. The use of the ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD) method is proposed to overcome the mode mixing problem. The influence of factors such as road profile, measurement noise and vehicle velocity are investigated. It is numerically demonstrated that employing the EEMD improves the results compared to the EMD. View Full-Text
Keywords: vehicle–bridge interaction; bridge identification; empirical mode decomposition; ensemble empirical mode decomposition natural frequency vehicle–bridge interaction; bridge identification; empirical mode decomposition; ensemble empirical mode decomposition natural frequency
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Zhu, L.; Malekjafarian, A. On the Use of Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition for the Identification of Bridge Frequency from the Responses Measured in a Passing Vehicle. Infrastructures 2019, 4, 32.

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