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Perspective

Holistic Infrastructure Resilience Research Requires Multiple Perspectives, Not Just Multiple Disciplines

1
Resilience Engineering Institute, Tempe, AZ 85282, USA
2
Research Assistant Professor, Department of Operations Research, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA 93943, USA
3
Associate Professor, School of Sustainable Engineering and the Built Environment, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Infrastructures 2018, 3(3), 30; https://doi.org/10.3390/infrastructures3030030
Received: 17 May 2018 / Revised: 1 August 2018 / Accepted: 7 August 2018 / Published: 10 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Resilient Infrastructure Systems)
Resilience research includes multiple definitions, concepts, perspectives, and applications across a broad range of academic disciplines. While experts, policy-makers, and practitioners assert that resilience requires holism, what is considered holistic is rarely discussed. The traditional scientific approach to holism is to engage multiple disciplines. However, this review studies an alternative approach to holism that engages multiple perspectives, as suggested by integral theory. An integral approach requires consideration of at least four irreducible domains: (1) subjective experience, (2) intersubjective culture, (3) objective behavior, and (4) interobjective systems. This way of approaching holism both engages multiple disciplines and reveals important gaps in the popular understanding of resilient infrastructure. For example, organizing the 20 most highly cited resilience research articles from all disciplines according to the Integral Map reveals that most articles in the sample set are distributed among three of the four perspectives corresponding to experience, behavior, and systems. None of the most popular articles studies resilience through the lens of culture. Thus, the importance of factors such as organizational values and group intentionality may be underappreciated in the scholarly literature. View Full-Text
Keywords: integral; holistic; holism; resilience; infrastructure; resilient infrastructure integral; holistic; holism; resilience; infrastructure; resilient infrastructure
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MDPI and ACS Style

Thomas, J.E.; Eisenberg, D.A.; Seager, T.P. Holistic Infrastructure Resilience Research Requires Multiple Perspectives, Not Just Multiple Disciplines. Infrastructures 2018, 3, 30. https://doi.org/10.3390/infrastructures3030030

AMA Style

Thomas JE, Eisenberg DA, Seager TP. Holistic Infrastructure Resilience Research Requires Multiple Perspectives, Not Just Multiple Disciplines. Infrastructures. 2018; 3(3):30. https://doi.org/10.3390/infrastructures3030030

Chicago/Turabian Style

Thomas, John E., Daniel A. Eisenberg, and Thomas P. Seager 2018. "Holistic Infrastructure Resilience Research Requires Multiple Perspectives, Not Just Multiple Disciplines" Infrastructures 3, no. 3: 30. https://doi.org/10.3390/infrastructures3030030

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