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Article

A Unique Transdisciplinary Engineering-Based Integrated Approach for the Design of Temporary Refugee Housing Using Kano, HOQ/QFD, TRIZ, AD, ISM and DSM Tools

1
Raytheon Technologies, Arlington, VA 22209 USA
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: César Martín-Gómez
Designs 2021, 5(2), 31; https://doi.org/10.3390/designs5020031
Received: 6 April 2021 / Revised: 21 April 2021 / Accepted: 26 April 2021 / Published: 10 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Architecture Design)
The continued displacement of refugees from their homes and homelands (now greater than 50 million people worldwide) places increased focus and attention on evolving the designs of temporary housing that is available to be provided to the refugee population, especially in rural areas where housing does not already exist and must be constructed in very little time. Complex engineering problems involving social issues, such as this case study, benefit from the use of Integrated Transdisciplinary (TD) Tools (ITDT) to effectively and efficiently address the design questions related to them. The integrated use of TD Tools such as Kano Analysis, KJ Diagrams, Critical to Quality (CTQ), House of Quality (HOQ)/Quality Function Design (QFD), Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ), Axiomatic Design (AD), Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM), and Design Structure Matrix (DSM) through an end-to-end unique design process leads to innovation and elimination of design conflicts for especially complicated design problems. The objective of this study is to examine the design of temporary refugee housing using integrated TD tools mentioned above. This research concludes that the use of the ITDT approach provides an innovative, decoupled design. View Full-Text
Keywords: transdisciplinary engineering; House of Quality; Quality Function Deployment; Interpretive Structural Modeling; Design Structure Matrix; Axiomatic Design; Kano Analysis; KJ Diagram; Critical to Quality; refugee housing; displacement transdisciplinary engineering; House of Quality; Quality Function Deployment; Interpretive Structural Modeling; Design Structure Matrix; Axiomatic Design; Kano Analysis; KJ Diagram; Critical to Quality; refugee housing; displacement
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MDPI and ACS Style

Moran, D.; Ertas, A.; Gulbulak, U. A Unique Transdisciplinary Engineering-Based Integrated Approach for the Design of Temporary Refugee Housing Using Kano, HOQ/QFD, TRIZ, AD, ISM and DSM Tools. Designs 2021, 5, 31. https://doi.org/10.3390/designs5020031

AMA Style

Moran D, Ertas A, Gulbulak U. A Unique Transdisciplinary Engineering-Based Integrated Approach for the Design of Temporary Refugee Housing Using Kano, HOQ/QFD, TRIZ, AD, ISM and DSM Tools. Designs. 2021; 5(2):31. https://doi.org/10.3390/designs5020031

Chicago/Turabian Style

Moran, Daniel; Ertas, Atila; Gulbulak, Utku. 2021. "A Unique Transdisciplinary Engineering-Based Integrated Approach for the Design of Temporary Refugee Housing Using Kano, HOQ/QFD, TRIZ, AD, ISM and DSM Tools" Designs 5, no. 2: 31. https://doi.org/10.3390/designs5020031

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