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Designs 2018, 2(4), 55; https://doi.org/10.3390/designs2040055

Modeling the Impact of the Vehicle-to-Grid Services on the Hourly Operation of the Power Distribution Grid

Energy System Research Laboratory, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33174, USA
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Received: 15 November 2018 / Revised: 30 November 2018 / Accepted: 3 December 2018 / Published: 12 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Modeling, Control and Safety of Vehicle Systems)
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Abstract

Electric Vehicles (EVs) impact on the grid could be very high. Unless we monitor and control the integration of EVs, the distribution network might experience unexpected high or low load that might exceed the system voltage limits, leading to severe stability issues. On the other hand, the available energy stored in the EVs can be utilized to free the distribution system from some of the congested load at certain times or to allow the grid to charge more EVs at any time of the day, including peak hours. This article presents dynamic simulations of the hour-to-hour operation of the distribution feeder to measure the grid’s reaction to the EV’s charging and discharging process. Four case scenarios were modeled here considering a 24-h distribution system load data on the IEEE 34 bus feeder. The results show the level of charging and discharging that were allowed on this test system, during each hour of the day, before violating the limits of the system. It also estimates the costs of charging throughout the day, utilizing time-of-use rates as well as the number of EVs to be charged on an hourly basis on each bus and provide hints on the best locations on the system to establish the charging infrastructure. View Full-Text
Keywords: Electric Vehicles; charging and discharging of Electric Vehicle; dynamic simulation of the Electric Vehicles Electric Vehicles; charging and discharging of Electric Vehicle; dynamic simulation of the Electric Vehicles
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Aljohani, T.; Mohammed, O. Modeling the Impact of the Vehicle-to-Grid Services on the Hourly Operation of the Power Distribution Grid. Designs 2018, 2, 55.

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