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Eye Movements and Fixation-Related Potentials in Reading: A Review

School of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, Marsh Ln, Preston PR1 2HE, UK
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Vision 2020, 4(1), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/vision4010011
Received: 31 March 2019 / Revised: 27 January 2020 / Accepted: 28 January 2020 / Published: 3 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Eye Movements and Visual Cognition)
The present review is addressed to researchers in the field of reading and psycholinguistics who are both familiar with and new to co-registration research of eye movements (EMs) and fixation related-potentials (FRPs) in reading. At the outset, we consider a conundrum relating to timing discrepancies between EM and event related potential (ERP) effects. We then consider the extent to which the co-registration approach might allow us to overcome this and thereby discriminate between formal theoretical and computational accounts of reading. We then describe three phases of co-registration research before evaluating the existing body of such research in reading. The current, ongoing phase of co-registration research is presented in comprehensive tables which provide a detailed summary of the existing findings. The thorough appraisal of the published studies allows us to engage with issues such as the reliability of FRP components as correlates of cognitive processing in reading and the advantages of analysing both data streams (i.e., EMs and FRPs) simultaneously relative to each alone, as well as the current, and limited, understanding of the relationship between EM and FRP measures. Finally, we consider future directions and in particular the potential of analytical methods involving deconvolution and the potential of measurement of brain oscillatory activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: reading; eye movements; event-related potentials; fixation-related potentials reading; eye movements; event-related potentials; fixation-related potentials
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Degno, F.; Liversedge, S.P. Eye Movements and Fixation-Related Potentials in Reading: A Review. Vision 2020, 4, 11.

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