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Regressions during Reading

Department of Psychology, Binghamton University, Binghamton, NY 13902, USA
Department of Psychology, Bergische Universitaet, 42103 Wuppertal, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Vision 2019, 3(3), 35;
Received: 28 February 2019 / Revised: 31 May 2019 / Accepted: 24 June 2019 / Published: 9 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Eye Movements and Visual Cognition)
PDF [659 KB, uploaded 9 July 2019]


Readers occasionally move their eyes to prior text. We distinguish two types of these movements (regressions). One type consists of relatively large regressions that seek to re-process prior text and to revise represented linguistic content to improve comprehension. The other consists of relatively small regressions that seek to correct inaccurate or premature oculomotor programming to improve visual word recognition. Large regressions are guided by spatial and linguistic knowledge, while small regressions appear to be exclusively guided by knowledge of spatial location. There are substantial individual differences in the use of regressions, and college-level readers often do not regress even when this would improve sentence comprehension. View Full-Text
Keywords: reading; eye movements; regressions; individual differences reading; eye movements; regressions; individual differences

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Inhoff, A.W.; Kim, A.; Radach, R. Regressions during Reading. Vision 2019, 3, 35.

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