Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
The Changing Landscape: High-Level Influences on Eye Movement Guidance in Scenes
Previous Article in Journal
How Does Spatial Attention Influence the Probability and Fidelity of Colour Perception?
Previous Article in Special Issue
Using Eye Movements to Understand how Security Screeners Search for Threats in X-Ray Baggage
Article Menu
Issue 2 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview

Eye Movements in Medical Image Perception: A Selective Review of Past, Present and Future

1,2,* and 1,2,3
Visual Attention Lab, Department of Surgery, Brigham & Women’s Hospital, 65 Landsdowne St, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Department of Radiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Vision 2019, 3(2), 32;
Received: 1 April 2019 / Revised: 9 June 2019 / Accepted: 18 June 2019 / Published: 20 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Eye Movements and Visual Cognition)
PDF [1645 KB, uploaded 21 June 2019]


The eye movements of experts, reading medical images, have been studied for many years. Unlike topics such as face perception, medical image perception research needs to cope with substantial, qualitative changes in the stimuli under study due to dramatic advances in medical imaging technology. For example, little is known about how radiologists search through 3D volumes of image data because they simply did not exist when earlier eye tracking studies were performed. Moreover, improvements in the affordability and portability of modern eye trackers make other, new studies practical. Here, we review some uses of eye movements in the study of medical image perception with an emphasis on newer work. We ask how basic research on scene perception relates to studies of medical ‘scenes’ and we discuss how tracking experts’ eyes may provide useful insights for medical education and screening efficiency. View Full-Text
Keywords: visual search; eye movements; medical image perception visual search; eye movements; medical image perception

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Wu, C.-C.; Wolfe, J.M. Eye Movements in Medical Image Perception: A Selective Review of Past, Present and Future. Vision 2019, 3, 32.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Vision EISSN 2411-5150 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top