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Open AccessArticle

Anthropometric Obesity Indices, Body Fat Percentage, and Grip Strength in Young Adults with different Physical Activity Levels

1
Faculty of Sport Sciences, Kırıkkale University, Kırıkkale 71450 Turkey
2
Centre for Sport, Exercise and Life Sciences, Coventry University, Coventry CV1 5FB, UK
3
Polytechnic Institute of Viana do Castelo, School of Sport and Leisure, 4960-320 Melgaço, Portugal
4
Instituto de Telecomunicações, 6200-001 Delegação da Covilhã, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2019, 4(3), 51; https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk4030051
Received: 5 July 2019 / Revised: 29 July 2019 / Accepted: 30 July 2019 / Published: 31 July 2019
The purposes of this study were to determine whether moderately physically active (MPA) and highly physically active (HPA) male (n = 96, age = 22.5 ± 1.7 years) and female (n = 85, age = 21.3 ± 1.6 years) young adults differed in their anthropometric obesity indices (AOIs), body fat percentage (BF%), and muscular strength, and also to examine the associations between physical activity level (PAL) and the abovementioned variables. Participants were measured for body height and weight, BF%, waist and hip circumferences, and maximal isometric grip strength. According to their PAL, estimated by the short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, they were assigned to MPA and HPA subgroups. Regardless of gender, results indicated that participants in the MPA groups had significantly higher values of body weight, waist and hip circumference, BF%, and BMI than participants in the HPA groups. No significant differences were found between physical activity groups in terms of grip strength. The AOIs and BF% were found to be significantly and negatively correlated with the PAL in both genders. In conclusion, the findings of the study suggest that high habitual physical activity is associated with lower adiposity markers. However, the differences in the hand grip strength of the contrasting activity groups were negligible. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity indices; body composition; grip strength; physical activity obesity indices; body composition; grip strength; physical activity
MDPI and ACS Style

Söğüt, M.; Barış Kaya, Ö.; Altunsoy, K.; Clark, C.C.T.; Clemente, F.M.; Doğan, A.A. Anthropometric Obesity Indices, Body Fat Percentage, and Grip Strength in Young Adults with different Physical Activity Levels. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2019, 4, 51.

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