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Physical Exercise Is Confirmed to Reduce Low Back Pain Symptoms in Office Workers: A Systematic Review of the Evidence to Improve Best Practices in the Workplace

1
Sport and Exercise Medicine Division, Department of Medicine, University of Padova, 35128 Padova, Italy
2
Laboratorio de Fisiologia e Bioquimica Experimental, Centro de Educacao Fisica e Deportos, Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo (UFES), SP 01504-00 Vitoria, ES, Brazil
3
Departamento de Educacao Fisica e Ciencias do Envelhecimento, Laboratorio de Percepcao Corporal e Movimento, Universidade Sao Judas Tadeu, 03166-000 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
4
Department of Sports, Physical Education School, Federal University of Pelotas, 96055630 Pelota, RS, Brazil
5
Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Jaén, E-23071 Jaén, Spain
6
Freelance Professional and Occupational Physician, Lungargine Panvinio 31, 37121 Verona, Italy
7
Freelance Professional and Occupational Physician, Viale Venezia 87/A, 35015 Conegliano, Italy
8
Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Sciences, University of Padova, 35128 Padova, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These Authors contributed equally to the manuscript).
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2019, 4(3), 43; https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk4030043
Received: 16 May 2019 / Revised: 27 June 2019 / Accepted: 3 July 2019 / Published: 5 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Exercise for Health Promotion)
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PDF [436 KB, uploaded 5 July 2019]
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Abstract

This systematic review aimed to analyze the effects of a physical exercise (PE) program on low back pain (LBP) symptoms of office workers and the modification of flexibility and range of motion (ROM), muscular strength, and quality of life (QoL). A literature research was performed on PubMed, Scopus, MEDLINE, and SPORTDiscus from April to May 2018. The keyword “low back pain” was associated with “office worker” OR “VDT operators” OR “office employees” OR “workplace” AND “exercise”, OR “exercise therapy” OR “physical activity”. Inclusion criteria were a home- or work-based exercise protocol for office workers with LBP symptoms and pre- to post-intervention evaluation of LBP symptoms. Three researchers independently examined all abstracts. The modified Cochrane methodological quality criteria were used for quality assessment and 11 articles were included. Exercise protocols were performed from 6 weeks to 12 months, 1–5 day per week, lasting 10–60 min for each session. Physical Exercise in the workplace improved all the considered outcomes. The best improvement was recorded in supervised protocols and in video-supported protocols performed in the workplace. The effect may be generated with small duration sessions during the working day, with only 10–15 min of adapted exercise to be performed 3–5 days per week. View Full-Text
Keywords: workplace; exercise; low back pain; review; office worker workplace; exercise; low back pain; review; office worker
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gobbo, S.; Bullo, V.; Bergamo, M.; Duregon, F.; Vendramin, B.; Battista, F.; Roma, E.; Bocalini, D.S.; Rica, R.L.; Alberton, C.L.; Cruz-Diaz, D.; Priolo, G.; Pancheri, V.; Maso, S.; Neunhaeuserer, D.; Ermolao, A.; Bergamin, M. Physical Exercise Is Confirmed to Reduce Low Back Pain Symptoms in Office Workers: A Systematic Review of the Evidence to Improve Best Practices in the Workplace. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2019, 4, 43.

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