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Open AccessArticle

Effects of a Mental Warmup on the Workout Readiness and Stress of College Student Exercisers

1
Department of Psychology, Springfield College, Springfield, MA 01109, USA
2
College of Health Sciences, Wuhan Sports University, 461 Luoyu Road, Wuhan 430079, China
3
School of Psychology, Fielding Graduate University, 2020 De La Vina Street, Santa Barbara, CA 93105, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2019, 4(3), 42; https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk4030042
Received: 13 June 2019 / Revised: 27 June 2019 / Accepted: 27 June 2019 / Published: 28 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Exercise for Health Promotion)
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PDF [234 KB, uploaded 28 June 2019]

Abstract

The importance of warming up prior to sport competition has been highlighted in the scientific literature, with increasing attention paid to the benefits of mental warmups. The purpose of this research was to explore the possibility that a mental warmup may also benefit exercisers. Two studies were conducted in which the effects of a mental warmup on the psychological readiness and psychological stress of exercisers were examined. Study 1 used a pretest–posttest design and Study 2 used an experimental pretest–posttest design, comparing mental warmup participants to a control group. In both studies, exercisers were assessed before and after they completed a prerecorded mental warmup that consisted of goal setting, imagery, and arousal control. Overall, the results showed that completing a mental warmup increased exercisers’ readiness to exercise and to use mental skills to enhance workouts. The mental warmup also reduced stress. These findings suggest that mental warmup strategies that facilitate readiness for sport performance may have utility in exercise settings. Future research exploring the applicability of a mental warmup in diverse settings, as a stress reduction, and as a potential injury reduction intervention is warranted. View Full-Text
Keywords: exercise; mental preparation; psychological skills; goal setting; imagery; arousal control exercise; mental preparation; psychological skills; goal setting; imagery; arousal control
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Van Raalte, J.L.; Brewer, B.W.; Cornelius, A.E.; Keeler, M.; Gudjenov, C. Effects of a Mental Warmup on the Workout Readiness and Stress of College Student Exercisers. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2019, 4, 42.

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J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. EISSN 2411-5142 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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