Next Article in Journal
Effects of a Mental Warmup on the Workout Readiness and Stress of College Student Exercisers
Next Article in Special Issue
Validation of Cardiorespiratory Fitness Measurements in Adolescents
Previous Article in Journal
Promoting Physical Exercise Participation: The Role of Interpersonal Behaviors for Practical Implications
Previous Article in Special Issue
Acute Cardiometabolic Responses to Multi-Modal Integrative Neuromuscular Training in Children
Open AccessReview

The Effects of Alcohol Consumption on Recovery Following Resistance Exercise: A Systematic Review

Sport and Exercise Research Unit, Department of Psychological, Pedagogical and Educational Sciences, University of Palermo, 90144 Palermo, Italy
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2019, 4(3), 41;
Received: 14 May 2019 / Revised: 19 June 2019 / Accepted: 21 June 2019 / Published: 26 June 2019
PDF [442 KB, uploaded 26 June 2019]


Background: The aim of this manuscript was to describe the effects of alcohol ingestion on recovery following resistance exercise. Methods: A literature search was performed using the following database: Web of Science, NLM Pubmed, and Scopus. Studies regarding alcohol consumption after resistance exercise evaluating recovery were considered for investigation. The main outcomes took into account biological, physical and cognitive measures. Multiple trained researchers independently screened eligible studies according to the eligibility criteria, extracted data and assessed risk of bias. Results: A total of 12 studies were considered eligible and included in the quantitative synthesis: 10 included at least one measure of biological function, 10 included at least one measure of physical function and one included measures of cognitive function. Conclusions: Alcohol consumption following resistance exercise doesn’t seem to be a modulating factor for creatine kinase, heart rate, lactate, blood glucose, estradiol, sexual hormone binding globulin, leukocytes and cytokines, C-reactive protein and calcium. Force, power, muscular endurance, soreness and rate of perceived exertion are also unmodified following alcohol consumption during recovery. Cortisol levels seemed to be increased while testosterone, plasma amino acids, and rates of muscle protein synthesis decreased. View Full-Text
Keywords: strength; training; muscle mass; muscle function; performance strength; training; muscle mass; muscle function; performance

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material


Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Lakićević, N. The Effects of Alcohol Consumption on Recovery Following Resistance Exercise: A Systematic Review. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2019, 4, 41.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. EISSN 2411-5142 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top