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Promoting Physical Exercise Participation: The Role of Interpersonal Behaviors for Practical Implications

Department of Sports Science, University da Beira Interior (UBI), 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
Research Center in Sports, Health Sciences and Human Development (CIDESD), 5001-801 Vila Real, Portugal
Faculty of Physical Education and Sport (ULHT), Lusófona University, Lisboa 1749-024, Portugal
Sport Science School of Rio Maior (ESDRM-IPSantarém), 2040-413 Rio Maior, Portugal
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2019, 4(2), 40;
Received: 7 May 2019 / Revised: 11 June 2019 / Accepted: 21 June 2019 / Published: 25 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Importance of Physical Activity on Health)
PDF [210 KB, uploaded 25 June 2019]


The number of people engaging in physical exercise has been decreasing every year. These behaviors are known to be related with non-communicable chronic diseases and to drastically increase premature morbidity and mortality. Since “the lack of motivation” has been pointed out as one of the main reasons for not engaging in physical exercise, several theoretical and empirical studies have been conducted aimed at understanding what influences behavior regulation. According to literature, gym exercisers who perceive exercise instructors as supportive are more likely to maintain physical exercise participation over the long-run. Supporting autonomy, competence, and relatedness should be carefully considered when interacting with health club clients as a way to promote more autonomous motivation. Overall, it seems that exercise instructors should foster a supportive environment for gym exercisers, in order to encourage exercise as a habitual behavior. View Full-Text
Keywords: fitness; motivation; interpersonal behaviors; exercise attendance; exercise adherence fitness; motivation; interpersonal behaviors; exercise attendance; exercise adherence
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Rodrigues, F.; Teixeira, D.S.; Cid, L.; Monteiro, D. Promoting Physical Exercise Participation: The Role of Interpersonal Behaviors for Practical Implications. J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. 2019, 4, 40.

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J. Funct. Morphol. Kinesiol. EISSN 2411-5142 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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