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Condens. Matter 2019, 4(1), 30;

The Potential of [email protected]_LAB for Radiation Based Techniques

Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare INFN—Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, via E. Fermi 40, 00044 Frascati, Italy
Dipartimento di Architettura, Design e Urbanistica, Università degli studi di Sassari, Palazzo del Pou Salit—Piazza Duomo, 6-07041 Alghero, Italy
Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli studi di Roma “La Sapienza”, P.le Aldo Moro 2, 00185 Rome, Italy
Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata, Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) Sezione di Roma Tor Vergata, Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
Istituto di Struttura della Materia (ISM)-Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, 00133 Rome, Italy
National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, Kashirskoe Sh. 31, 115409 Moscow, Russia
P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Leninsky Pr. 53, 119991 Moscow, Russia
School of Science and Technology, Physics Division, Università degli studi di Camerino, via Madonna delle Carceri, 62032 Camerino, Italy
Center for Life Nano Science @Sapienza, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, 00161 Rome, Italy
Dipartimento di Scienze di Base e Applicate per l’Ingegneria, Università degli studi di Roma “La Sapienza” Roma, 00161 Rome, Italy
Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste, Area Science Park, 34149 Trieste, Italy
ENEA C.R. Frascati, Via E. Fermi 45, 00044 Frascati RM, Italy
National Scientific and Technical Research Council, C1425FQB Buenos Aires, Argentina
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) Sezione di Roma La Sapienza, P.le Aldo Moro 2, 00185 Rome, Italy
Istituto di Struttura della Materia (ISM)-Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Division of Ultrafast Processes in Materials (FLASHit), Area della Ricerca di Roma 1, Via Salaria Km 29.3, I-00016 Monterotondo Scalo, Italy
Centro Fermi—Museo Storico della Fisica e Centro Studi e Ricerche “Enrico Fermi”, 00184 Rome, Italy
Faculty of Mathematics Astronomy Physics, National University of Córdoba, Córdoba X5000GYA, Argentina
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 January 2019 / Revised: 1 March 2019 / Accepted: 2 March 2019 / Published: 7 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue High Precision X-Ray Measurements)
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A proposal for building a Free Electron Laser, [email protected]_LAB, at the Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, is at present under consideration. This FEL facility will provide a unique combination of a high brightness GeV-range electron beam generated in a X-band RF linac, a 0.5 PW-class laser system and the first FEL source driven by a plasma accelerator. The FEL will produce ultra-bright pulses, with up to 10 12 photons/pulse, femtosecond timescale and wavelength down to 3 nm, which lies in the so called “water window”. The experimental activity will be focused on the realization of a plasma driven short wavelength FEL able to provide high-quality photons for a user beamline. In this paper, we describe the main classes of experiments that will be performed at the facility, including coherent diffraction imaging, soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, Resonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering and photofragmentation measurements. These techniques will allow studying a variety of samples, both biological and inorganic, providing information about their structure and dynamical behavior. In this context, the possibility of inducing changes in samples via pump pulses leading to the stimulation of chemical reactions or the generation of coherent excitations would tremendously benefit from pulses in the soft X-ray region. High power synchronized optical lasers and a TeraHertz radiation source will indeed be made available for THz and pump–probe experiments and a split-and-delay station will allow performing XUV-XUV pump–probe experiments. View Full-Text
Keywords: free electron lasers; coherent imaging; X-ray Raman; X-ray absorption; THz radiation free electron lasers; coherent imaging; X-ray Raman; X-ray absorption; THz radiation

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Balerna, A.; Bartocci, S.; Batignani, G.; Cianchi, A.; Chiadroni, E.; Coreno, M.; Cricenti, A.; Dabagov, S.; Di Cicco, A.; Faiferri, M.; Ferrante, C.; Ferrario, M.; Fumero, G.; Giannessi, L.; Gunnella, R.; Leani, J.J.; Lupi, S.; Macis, S.; Manca, R.; Marcelli, A.; Masciovecchio, C.; Minicucci, M.; Morante, S.; Perfetto, E.; Petrarca, M.; Pusceddu, F.; Rezvani, J.; Robledo, J.I.; Rossi, G.; Sánchez, H.J.; Scopigno, T.; Stefanucci, G.; Stellato, F.; Trapananti, A.; Villa, F. The Potential of [email protected]_LAB for Radiation Based Techniques. Condens. Matter 2019, 4, 30.

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