Next Article in Journal
State of the Art and Challenges for Occupational Health and Safety Performance Evaluation Tools
Previous Article in Journal
Instructor’s Rating of Driver’s Performance during an Anti-Lock Braking Exercise on a Closed-Road Course
Previous Article in Special Issue
Research on the Use of Mobile Devices and Headphones on Pedestrian Crossings—Pilot Case Study from Slovakia
Article

Ride in Peace: How Cycling Infrastructure Types Affect Traffic Conflict Occurrence in Montréal, Canada

Centre Urbanisation Culture Société, Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique (INRS), 385 Sherbrooke E, Montréal, QC H2X 1E3, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Raphael Grzebieta
Safety 2021, 7(3), 63; https://doi.org/10.3390/safety7030063
Received: 22 April 2021 / Revised: 19 August 2021 / Accepted: 7 September 2021 / Published: 9 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Non-Motorized Road Users Safety)
Urban cycling is increasingly common in many North American cities and has the potential to address key challenges of urban mobility, congestion, air pollution and health. However, lack of safety is often cited by potential bike users as the most important deterrent to cycling. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of cycling facility type on traffic conflict likelihood. Four participants recorded a total of 87 h (1199 km) of video, which was reviewed by trained observers to identify and characterize traffic conflicts, yielding 465 conflicts with vehicles and 209 conflicts with pedestrians. Bootstrapped generalized additive logit regressions (GAM) were built to predict traffic conflict likelihood. Results show that while cycling on an off-street bike path effectively reduces the likelihood of conflict with a vehicle, it increases the probability of conflict with a pedestrian. Bike lanes were associated with an increase in the likelihood of a conflict with a vehicle. Decision makers should favor physically segregated and clearly marked cyclist-only facilities to ensure safe and efficient conditions for commuter cyclists. View Full-Text
Keywords: traffic conflicts; quasinaturalistic cycling study; cycleways; cycling facilities; cycling safety; generalized additive model (GAM) traffic conflicts; quasinaturalistic cycling study; cycleways; cycling facilities; cycling safety; generalized additive model (GAM)
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Jarry, V.; Apparicio, P. Ride in Peace: How Cycling Infrastructure Types Affect Traffic Conflict Occurrence in Montréal, Canada. Safety 2021, 7, 63. https://doi.org/10.3390/safety7030063

AMA Style

Jarry V, Apparicio P. Ride in Peace: How Cycling Infrastructure Types Affect Traffic Conflict Occurrence in Montréal, Canada. Safety. 2021; 7(3):63. https://doi.org/10.3390/safety7030063

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jarry, Vincent, and Philippe Apparicio. 2021. "Ride in Peace: How Cycling Infrastructure Types Affect Traffic Conflict Occurrence in Montréal, Canada" Safety 7, no. 3: 63. https://doi.org/10.3390/safety7030063

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop