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Testing the Effectiveness of a Mixed-Method Pilot Intervention in Reducing Risky Driving Due to Aggression and Stress

Laboratory of Health and Road Safety, School of Health Sciences, Hellenic Mediterranean University, 71410 Heraklion, Greece
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Safety 2020, 6(1), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/safety6010011
Received: 22 December 2019 / Revised: 5 February 2020 / Accepted: 8 February 2020 / Published: 14 February 2020
The study aimed at testing the effectiveness of a mixed-method pilot intervention in reducing risky self-reported driving performance, upon addressing stress and aggression while driving. The study recruited individuals who had performed these behaviors during the year preceding the study and allocated them into an intervention (n = 10) and a control group (n = 30). A pre-and postintervention evaluation design was employed to explore changes in risky self-reported driving behaviors, 12 months after the intervention. The intervention involved 2 h of experiential instruction and 1 h of cognitive restructuring using a driving simulator and scenarios appropriate for the processing of driving stress, aggression, and risk. The intervention group displayed significant improvements in the scales of “Hazard Monitoring” (p = 0.037) and “Covered Violations” (p = 0.049) at the postintervention level. No statistically significant differences were identified in terms of self-reported driving performance between the intervention and the control group at postintervention level. Launching large-scale experimental surveys with broadened cognitive restructuring approaches seems important to deepen our understanding of the behavioral change processes and increase the effectiveness of future interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: stress; aggression; risky driving; intervention; simulation; cognitive restructuring; road safety stress; aggression; risky driving; intervention; simulation; cognitive restructuring; road safety
MDPI and ACS Style

Papadakaki, M.; Stamou, N.; Bessas, S.; Lioliou, S.; Chliaoutakis, J. Testing the Effectiveness of a Mixed-Method Pilot Intervention in Reducing Risky Driving Due to Aggression and Stress. Safety 2020, 6, 11.

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