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Microstructure and Magnetic Properties of Ce14Fe78Co2B6 Nanopowders Prepared by Ball Milling at Low Temperature

National Institute of Research & Development for Technical Physics, 700050 Iasi, Romania
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Academic Editor: Jean Ebothé
Magnetochemistry 2021, 7(12), 160; https://doi.org/10.3390/magnetochemistry7120160
Received: 17 November 2021 / Revised: 3 December 2021 / Accepted: 8 December 2021 / Published: 10 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Magnetic Microspheres)
Ce14Fe78Co2B6 nanopowders with hard-magnetic properties have been successfully prepared by ball milling at low temperatures in liquid nitrogen. The morphology, structure, and magnetic properties of Ce14Fe78Co2B6 powders have been investigated using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and vibrating sample magnetometry, respectively. It was found that powder ball milling at low temperature in liquid nitrogen, has the advantage that the oxidation of powders is inhibited and the particles rapidly reach nanometric dimensions. In comparison to the Ce14Fe78Co2B6 powders prepared by ball milling at room temperature, the powders milled at low temperature present a more uniform particle size and no rare-earth oxides, which leads thus to remarkable magnetic properties. The nanocrystalline Ce14Fe78Co2B6 powders with optimum characteristics, prepared at low temperature, have the size of 153 nm or less, present a coercivity of 5.1 kOe, and a saturation magnetization of 113 emu/g after milling for 6 h at low temperature. Low temperature milling may become a promising technique for the fabrication of high performance powders used for permanent magnets preparation. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ce-FeCo-B nanopowders; low-temperature milling; magnetic properties; microstructure Ce-FeCo-B nanopowders; low-temperature milling; magnetic properties; microstructure
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MDPI and ACS Style

Grigoras, M.; Lostun, M.; Borza, F.; Porcescu, M.; Stoian, G.; Lupu, N. Microstructure and Magnetic Properties of Ce14Fe78Co2B6 Nanopowders Prepared by Ball Milling at Low Temperature. Magnetochemistry 2021, 7, 160. https://doi.org/10.3390/magnetochemistry7120160

AMA Style

Grigoras M, Lostun M, Borza F, Porcescu M, Stoian G, Lupu N. Microstructure and Magnetic Properties of Ce14Fe78Co2B6 Nanopowders Prepared by Ball Milling at Low Temperature. Magnetochemistry. 2021; 7(12):160. https://doi.org/10.3390/magnetochemistry7120160

Chicago/Turabian Style

Grigoras, Marian, Mihaela Lostun, Firuta Borza, Marieta Porcescu, George Stoian, and Nicoleta Lupu. 2021. "Microstructure and Magnetic Properties of Ce14Fe78Co2B6 Nanopowders Prepared by Ball Milling at Low Temperature" Magnetochemistry 7, no. 12: 160. https://doi.org/10.3390/magnetochemistry7120160

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