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Understanding the Impacts of Crude Oil and its Induced Abiotic Stresses on Agrifood Production: A Review

1
School of Water, Energy and Environment, Cranfield University, Cranfield MK43 0AL, UK
2
Chemistry Department, The Federal University of Technology, PMB 704 Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Horticulturae 2019, 5(2), 47; https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae5020047
Received: 16 February 2019 / Revised: 5 June 2019 / Accepted: 17 June 2019 / Published: 23 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Abiotic Stress Responses of Plants)
In many parts of the world, the agricultural sector is faced with a number of challenges including those arising from abiotic environmental stresses which are the key factors responsible for most reductions in agrifood production. Crude oil contamination, an abiotic stress factor and a common environmental contaminant, at toxic levels has negative impacts on plants. Although various attempts have been made to demonstrate the impact of abiotic stresses on crops, the underlying factors responsible for the effects of crude oil and its induced abiotic stresses on the composition of the stressed plants are poorly understood. Hence, this review provides an in-depth examination of the: (1) effect of petroleum hydrocarbons on plants; (2) impact of abiotic environmental stresses on crop quality; (3) mechanistic link between crude oil stress and its induced abiotic stresses; as well as (4) mode of action/plant response mechanism to these induced stresses. The paper clearly reveals the implications of crude oil-induced abiotic stresses arising from the soil-root-plant route and from direct application on plant leaves. View Full-Text
Keywords: agrifood; crude oil contamination; crop quality; environmental stresses; petroleum hydrocarbons; stressed plants agrifood; crude oil contamination; crop quality; environmental stresses; petroleum hydrocarbons; stressed plants
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Odukoya, J.; Lambert, R.; Sakrabani, R. Understanding the Impacts of Crude Oil and its Induced Abiotic Stresses on Agrifood Production: A Review. Horticulturae 2019, 5, 47.

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