Next Article in Journal
Principal Component Analysis for Clustering Probiotic-Fortified Beverage Matrices Efficient in Elimination of Shigella sp.
Next Article in Special Issue
Impact of Organic Acids Supplementation to Hardwood Spent Sulfite Liquor as Substrate for the Selection of Polyhydroxyalkanoates-Producing Organisms
Previous Article in Journal
Biodiversity and Enological Potential of Non-Saccharomyces Yeasts from Nemean Vineyards
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Review on Established and Emerging Fermentation Schemes for Microbial Production of Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) Biopolyesters
Article Menu
Issue 2 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Fermentation 2018, 4(2), 33; https://doi.org/10.3390/fermentation4020033

Fumaric Acid Production: A Biorefinery Perspective

Chemical Engineering and Materials Department, Chemistry College, Complutense University, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 March 2018 / Revised: 2 May 2018 / Accepted: 4 May 2018 / Published: 7 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microbial Production of Added-value Products from Renewable Resources)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1828 KB, uploaded 7 May 2018]   |  

Abstract

The increasing scarcity of fossil raw materials, together with the need to develop new processes and technology based on renewable sources, and the need to dispose of an increasing amount of biomass-derived waste, have boosted the concept of biorefineries. Both 1G and 2G biorefineries are focused on the obtention of biofuels, chemicals, materials, food and feed from biomass, a renewable resource. Fumaric acid, and most compounds involved in the Kreb cycle, are considered key platform chemicals, not only for being acidulants and additives in the food industry, but also for their prospective use as monomers. This review is focused on the biotechnological processes based on fungi, mainly of the Rhizopus genus, whose main product is fumaric acid, on the process conditions, the bioreactors and modes of operation and on the purification of the acid once it is produced. View Full-Text
Keywords: biorefinery; fumaric acid; waste valorization; bioprocess; bioreactor biorefinery; fumaric acid; waste valorization; bioprocess; bioreactor
Figures

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Martin-Dominguez, V.; Estevez, J.; Ojembarrena, F.B.; Santos, V.E.; Ladero, M. Fumaric Acid Production: A Biorefinery Perspective. Fermentation 2018, 4, 33.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Fermentation EISSN 2311-5637 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top