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Review

Removal of Hydrophobic Contaminants from the Soil by Adsorption onto Carbon Materials and Microbial Degradation

1
Department of Chemistry, Bhilai Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Bhilai 490006, Chhattisgarh, India
2
Department of Chemistry, Govt. V. Y. T. PG. Autonomous College, Durg 491001, Chhattisgarh, India
3
LAQV-REQUIMTE, Department of Chemistry, NOVA School of Science and Technology, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, Largo da Torre, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Craig E. Banks and Jandro L. Abot
Received: 21 October 2021 / Revised: 26 November 2021 / Accepted: 29 November 2021 / Published: 3 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Feature Papers in the Science and Engineering of Carbons)
The pollution of soil is a worldwide concern as it has harmful consequences on the environment and human health. With the continuous expansion of industry and agriculture, the content of hydrophobic organic pollutants in the soil has been increasing, which has caused serious pollution to the soil. The removal of hydrophobic organic contaminants from soil, aiming to recover environmental safety, is an urgent matter to guarantee sufficient food and water for populations. Adsorption has proven to be an effective and economically practicable method for removing organic contaminants. This paper summarizes the use of low-cost adsorbents, such as biochar and activated carbon, for removing hydrophobic organic contaminants from soil. Biochar is usually appropriate for the adsorption of organic contaminants via the adsorption mechanisms of electrostatic interaction, precipitation, and ion exchange. Biochar also has numerous benefits, such as being obtained from several kinds of raw materials, having low costs, recyclability, and potential for environmental treatment. This paper illustrates biochar’s adsorption mechanism for organic contaminants and discusses the microbial degradation of hydrophobic organic contaminants. View Full-Text
Keywords: soil pollution; hydrophobic organic contaminants; adsorption; biochar; activated carbon; microbial degradation soil pollution; hydrophobic organic contaminants; adsorption; biochar; activated carbon; microbial degradation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dewangan, S.; Bhatia, A.K.; Singh, A.K.; Carabineiro, S.A.C. Removal of Hydrophobic Contaminants from the Soil by Adsorption onto Carbon Materials and Microbial Degradation. C 2021, 7, 83. https://doi.org/10.3390/c7040083

AMA Style

Dewangan S, Bhatia AK, Singh AK, Carabineiro SAC. Removal of Hydrophobic Contaminants from the Soil by Adsorption onto Carbon Materials and Microbial Degradation. C. 2021; 7(4):83. https://doi.org/10.3390/c7040083

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dewangan, Shippi, Amarpreet K. Bhatia, Ajaya Kumar Singh, and Sónia A. C. Carabineiro. 2021. "Removal of Hydrophobic Contaminants from the Soil by Adsorption onto Carbon Materials and Microbial Degradation" C 7, no. 4: 83. https://doi.org/10.3390/c7040083

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