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Article

Bubble Dynamics in a Narrow Gap Flow under the Influence of Pressure Gradient and Shear Flow

Department of Fluidmechanics, HAWK University of Applied Sciences and Arts Goettingen, Faculty I, 37085 Goettingen, Germany
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Fluids 2020, 5(4), 208; https://doi.org/10.3390/fluids5040208
Received: 17 October 2020 / Revised: 11 November 2020 / Accepted: 12 November 2020 / Published: 16 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cavitating Flows)
The volume-of-flow method combined with the Rayleigh–Plesset equation is well established for the computation of cavitation, i.e., the generation and transportation of vapor bubbles inside a liquid flow resulting in cloud, sheet or streamline cavitation. There are, however, limitations, if this method is applied to a restricted flow between two adjacent walls and the bubbles’ size is of the same magnitude as that of the clearance between the walls. This work presents experimental and numerical results of the bubble generation and its transportation in a Couette-type flow under the influence of shear and a strong pressure gradient which are typical for journal bearings or hydraulic seals. Under the impact of variations of the film thickness, the VoF method produces reliable results if bubble diameters are less than half the clearance between the walls. For larger bubbles, the wall contact becomes significant and the bubbles adopt an elliptical shape forced by the shear flow and under the influence of a strong pressure gradient. Moreover, transient changes in the pressure result in transient cavitation, which is captured by high-speed imaging providing material to evaluate transient, three-dimensional computations of a two-phase flow. View Full-Text
Keywords: cavitation; Couette flow; bubble dynamics; small clearance; computed flow dynamics; experiment cavitation; Couette flow; bubble dynamics; small clearance; computed flow dynamics; experiment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Reinke, P.; Ahlrichs, J.; Beckmann, T.; Schmidt, M. Bubble Dynamics in a Narrow Gap Flow under the Influence of Pressure Gradient and Shear Flow. Fluids 2020, 5, 208. https://doi.org/10.3390/fluids5040208

AMA Style

Reinke P, Ahlrichs J, Beckmann T, Schmidt M. Bubble Dynamics in a Narrow Gap Flow under the Influence of Pressure Gradient and Shear Flow. Fluids. 2020; 5(4):208. https://doi.org/10.3390/fluids5040208

Chicago/Turabian Style

Reinke, Peter, Jan Ahlrichs, Tom Beckmann, and Marcus Schmidt. 2020. "Bubble Dynamics in a Narrow Gap Flow under the Influence of Pressure Gradient and Shear Flow" Fluids 5, no. 4: 208. https://doi.org/10.3390/fluids5040208

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