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Fluids 2018, 3(3), 54; https://doi.org/10.3390/fluids3030054

Encapsulation of Droplets Using Cusp Formation behind a Drop Rising in a Non-Newtonian Fluid

Instituto de Investigaciones en Materiales, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico DF 04510, Mexico
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Received: 4 June 2018 / Revised: 22 July 2018 / Accepted: 27 July 2018 / Published: 1 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Drop, Bubble and Particle Dynamics in Complex Fluids)
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Abstract

The rising of a Newtonian oil drop in a non-Newtonian viscous solution is studied experimentally. In this case, the shape of the ascending drop is strongly affected by the viscoelastic and shear-thinning properties of the surrounding liquid. We found that the so-called velocity discontinuity phenomena is observed for drops larger than a certain critical size. Beyond the critical velocity, the formation of a long tail is observed, from which small droplets are continuously emitted. We determined that the fragmentation of the tail results mainly from the effect of capillary effects. We explore the idea of using this configuration as a new encapsulation technique, where the size and frequency of droplets are directly related to the volume of the main rising drop, for the particular pair of fluids used. These experimental results could lead to other investigations, which could help to predict the droplet formation process by tuning the two fluids’ properties, and adjusting only the volume of the main drop. View Full-Text
Keywords: drop; cusp instability; encapsulation drop; cusp instability; encapsulation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Poryles, R.; Zenit, R. Encapsulation of Droplets Using Cusp Formation behind a Drop Rising in a Non-Newtonian Fluid. Fluids 2018, 3, 54.

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