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Urban Floods Adaptation and Sustainable Drainage Measures

Civil Engineering, Architecture and Georesources Department, CERIS, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal
Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering Department, Universitat Politècnica de València, 46022 Valencia, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Fluids 2017, 2(4), 61;
Received: 8 October 2017 / Revised: 25 October 2017 / Accepted: 1 November 2017 / Published: 7 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Hydrodynamics)
Sustainability is crucial to the urban zones, especially related to the water management, which is vulnerable to flood occurrence. This research applies the procedure contemplated by the Soil Conservation Service (SCS) to determine the generated volumes when the impervious areas can exceed the drainage capacity of existing pluvial water networks. Several computational simulations were developed for the current scenario of an existing basin in Lisbon. Using CivilStorm software from Bentley Systems (Bentley EMEA, Bentley Systems International Limited, Dublin, Ireland), it enabled the evaluation of the volumes of flood peaks and the hydraulic behavior of a small hydrographic basin in the continuation of an urbanization process, considering the modification of its superficial impervious parts and the growth of the urbanized area. Several measures are suggested to solve the limited capacity of the existing drainage system. This study analyzes the efficiency of the application of constructive measures, pondering the viability of their effectiveness, individually and combined. The option that best minimizes the effects of the urbanization is the combination of different structural measures, in particular retention ponds, storage blocks, ditches and specific drainage interventions in some parts of the network. View Full-Text
Keywords: urbanization; urban floods; flood modeling; mitigation measures; sustainable construction urbanization; urban floods; flood modeling; mitigation measures; sustainable construction
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ramos, H.M.; Pérez-Sánchez, M.; Franco, A.B.; López-Jiménez, P.A. Urban Floods Adaptation and Sustainable Drainage Measures. Fluids 2017, 2, 61.

AMA Style

Ramos HM, Pérez-Sánchez M, Franco AB, López-Jiménez PA. Urban Floods Adaptation and Sustainable Drainage Measures. Fluids. 2017; 2(4):61.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ramos, Helena M., Modesto Pérez-Sánchez, A. Bento Franco, and P. Amparo López-Jiménez. 2017. "Urban Floods Adaptation and Sustainable Drainage Measures" Fluids 2, no. 4: 61.

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